An Analysis of the Duality of Character in “ Steppenwolf ”毕业论文_英语毕业论文

An Analysis of the Duality of Character in “ Steppenwolf ”毕业论文

2021-04-06更新

摘 要

《荒原狼》是赫尔曼·黑塞的一部长篇小说,讲述了哈里在现代社会中遭受的苦痛,及其所导致的性格分裂。本文揭示了哈立人性中的与人为善、正直、博学多才和对战争的厌恶,以及哈立狼性的残酷自私、不受拘束及无家可归的感觉。在狼性与人性的冲突下,各种矛盾随之产生,酿成了许多悲剧。本文通过对主人公哈里人性与狼性的分析,揭示了导致其精神困境的问题以及人性与狼性之间不可调和的矛盾。文章最后得出的结论是,揭露危机是为了警醒人们,以便提供拯救方法。

关键词:哈里;《荒原狼》; 人性; 狼性; 冲突; 悲剧; 治疗

Contents

1.Introduction…………………………………………………………………………..1

2.Demonstration……………………………………………………………………….2

2.1.Background.……..…………………………………………………………………2

2.1.1. Social background ……………………………………………………………………..2

2.1.2. The plot…………………………………………………………………………………….3

2.1.3.The symbolic meaning of “Steppenwolf” ……………………………………………………4

2.2. Analysis of the duality of character in“Steppenwolf”…………………………………4

2.2.1 Human nature in “Steppenwolf”……………………………………………………………..4

2.2.1.1 Considerate and helpful…………………………………………………………………………..4

2.2.1.2 Candid and upright…………………………………………………………………………………5

2.2.1.3 Knowledgeable and antiwar…………………………………………………………………….6

2.2.2 Wolf nature in “Steppenwolf”…………………………………………………………………8

2.2.2.1 Feeling of insecurity and homelessness…………………………………………………….8

2.2.2.2 Being selfish and ruthless………………………………………………………………………..9

2.2.2.3 Being undisciplined and footloose………………………………………………………….10

2.2.3 The conflicts between wolf and human nature…………………………………………….11

2.2.3.1 The conflict………………………………………………………………………………………….11

2.2.3.1.1 Conflicts within himself……………………………………………………………………..11

2.2.3.1.2 Conflicts with the outside world………………………………………………………….12

2.2.4 The tragedy…………………………………………………………………………………………….13

3.Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………………..14

Works Cited……………………………………………………………………………..15

Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………….16

An Analysis of the Duality of Character in “Steppenwolf”

  1. Introduction

“Steppenwolf” is the 1946 Nobel Prize winner Herman Hesse’s (1877-1962) important masterpiece published in 1927. It was later translated into 36 kinds of languages which spread in various countries of the world. The novel has been hailed as a holy novel by the Japanese and American youth, and is particularly respected by the American hippie generation. It has attracted much attention among Western colleges and ordinary readers and is considered an undisputed classic. In fact, this novel has attracted widespread attention throughout the world and the following is the research status of the novel both at home and abroad.

Among the foreign researches, in 1984, the History of German Modern Literature translated from the Soviet Union identified the “Steppenwolf” as a chapter in the “ Face of the Fascist dictatorship and anti-fascist literature ”module. It saw this novel as an anti-war literature and a strong criticism of social reality. Thomas Mann called it “ Germany’s Ulysses”. The American scholar Teordo Turkowski, in his book “ The Herman Hesse ‘s Fiction: A Study of the Theme and Structure,” addressed the narrative structure of the “Steppenwolf”. From here, the protagonist’s split state has been fully displayed, allowing the readers to feel that the protagonist’s exploration of the ideal spiritual realm is a difficult and painful mental path. In the article “Autistic Awakening: On the Theme of a Steppenwolf” (“Foreign Literature Review”, No. 4, 1988), the author explored the difficult individual pursuit of “Steppenwolf” from the theme of loneliness.

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