1. Introduction 1
1.1 Research background 1
1.2 Research significance and purpose 2
1.3 Organization of the thesis 2
2. Demonstration 3
2.1 Literature Review 3
2.1.1 Some theories about second language learning 3
2.1.2 Overview of language learning strategy 3
2.1.3 Overview of CALL and MALL 5
220.127.116.11 Foreign research and achievements 6
18.104.22.168 Domestic research and achievements 6
2.1.4 Significance of this study 7
2.2 A MALL Survey 7
2.2.1 Design of the survey 7
2.2.2 Research questions 8
2.2.3 Subjects 8
2.2.4 Questionnaire distribution and collection 9
2.3 Data Analysis and Discussion 9
2.3.1 Students’ basic information about English learning 9
2.3.2 Students’ English learning situation by smart mobile devices 10
2.3.3 Students’ English learning demands of smart mobile devices 14
2.3.4 The significance of MALL and students’ attitudes toward it 16
3. Conclusion 19
Works Cited 21
Appendix A 24
List of Abbreviation
CALL Computer Assisted Language Learning
CNNIC China Internet Network Information Center
L2 Second Language
M-Learning Mobile Learning
MALL Mobile Assisted Language Learning
WLAN Wireless Local Area Network
WTO World Trade Organization
A Study of College Students’ English Learning
Based on Smart Mobile Devices
1.1 Research background
It is well-known that English is one of the most international languages. With China’s entry into WTO and under the background of globalization, English learning has become the nationwide movement in China, especially in colleges. It is compulsory for nearly all students from the start of primary school to the second year of university. Good command of English both in oral and written has turned into one of significant advantages of young people. College students adopt different methods to enhance their language proficiency.
During the process of the modern city construction and reconstruction, the Internet penetration and the development of wireless technology have become the essential factors for measuring the city’s degree of internationalization and modernization. In China, communication networks cover most of the region. Moreover, the Internet penetration is 47.9% by 2014 announced by CNNIC and many cities have been covered free WLAN. The development of 3G and 4G leads to the renewal and replacement of network devices. College students have become the main force of netizens.
Smart mobile devices, including smart phones, laptops, tablet PCs, etc, are gradually becoming the necessary part in people’ life, especially in college students’ life. Almost every college student has at least one smart mobile device. In February, 2015, The 35th China Internet Development Statistics Report released by CNNIC points out that, of all the citizens, 649 million used broadband and 557 million used mobile phones to assess the Internet up to 2014. Mobile phones play the role of NO. 1 terminal to connect the Internet. Over time, those devices are considered essential for students’ daily life. They can be used to connect the Internet to send messages, e-mail, surf the Internet, etc. Nowadays, they can also be applied to study, especially when college students learn their Second Language (L2), like English.
1.2 Research significance and purpose
This paper is going to study the college students’ English learning based on smart mobile devices. The main purpose is to understand the situation of college students’ L2 (English) learning in the MALL environment and analyze the functions of smart mobile devices in English learning. Furthermore, some efficiency-related suggestions can be put forward to make a guidance for college students. It is important for making such further study about CALL and the results also can lay a solid foundation for future study.
1.3 Organization of the thesis
This thesis is divided into three chapters:
Chapter one is to provide a brief introduction to the research background, the significance, the purpose and the organization of the thesis.
Chapter two is the demonstration. Firstly, it serves as literature review, including some theories about second language learning, language learning strategies and reviews of domestic and foreign research and achievements of CALL and MALL; secondly, it is a MALL survey, specifically presenting the design of the survey, research questions, subjects and questionnaire distribution and collection; thirdly, it mainly focuses on data analysis and discussion in lights of the survey questionnaires. The survey data are listed by tables and charts and their analyses are all in details, which are divided into four parts.
In the last chapter, the thesis makes a conclusion of key points, which puts forward some suggestions for college students’ English learning on MALL.
2.1 Literature Review
2.1.1 Some theories about second language learning
L2 learning is primarily the study of how learners learn an additional language after they have acquired their first language (L1). For most Chinese students, they adopt learning strategies to learn English, their L2.
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