The Interpretation of Existentialism in Parfum毕业论文_英语毕业论文

The Interpretation of Existentialism in Parfum毕业论文

2021-04-04更新

摘 要

《香水》 (Perfume) 是当代著名德国作家帕特里克·聚斯金德的代表作。小说叙述了一个具有嗅觉天赋却天生缺失体味的社会底层人物格雷诺耶通过谋杀二十五个少女制造出旷世香水的故事。本文将从存在主义的角度出发,首先对作者及《香水》作了简要的介绍,继而从格雷诺耶自我存在主义的觉醒、怀疑和追求,最后他对自我存在的验证和否定,对其一生中不同时期的自我存在意识的不同表现进行了阐释,从而表明了作者对社会底层人民的关注和对他们生存困境的思考。

关键词: 帕特里克·聚斯金德;《香水》;存在主义;自我存在

Contents

1. Introduction .1

2. Demonstration 2

2.1 Grenouille’s awakening of self-existence 2

2.1.1 Attraction of the red-haired girl’s sweet smell 2

2.1.2 Awareness of his acute sense of smell 4

2.2 Grenouille’s doubt and pursuit of self- existence 5

2.2.1 Disgust of human smell and start of cave life 5

2.2.2 Consciousness of his absence of body odour 6

2.2.3 Return to the human world 7

2.3 Grenouille’s verification and complete negation of self-existence 7

2.3.1 The making of a rare perfume by killing 25 girls………………………………7

2.3.2 Escape from execution due to the perfume 8

2.3.3 Choice of suicide because of his failure in verification 9

3. Conclusion 10

Works Cited 11

Bibliography 12

The Interpretation of Existentialism in Perfume

  1. Introduction

Patrick Suskind is a contemporary German novelist. Born in southern Germany in 1949, he studied piano in his early years and then history in university. He used to do a secretarial job for Siemens, and then worked in a bar dance hall, and even worked as a table tennis partner. He once relied on writing a script to the TV station for a living. It wasn’t until 1981 that his dramatic work The Double Bass made him stand out, but what really made him famous in the literary world was The Perfume: A Story of a Murderer published in 1985. The historical knowledge and rich experience of broadcasting gave Suskind an active mind and rich imagination. The theme of Suskind’s works mostly focuses on people’s loneliness and existence. The author always focuses on the creative perspective of the psychologically deformed and silent young people at the bottom of the society. They often live alone, without the blessing from parents and brothers, without the support from friends, and with emotional loneliness. At the same time, they have to work against pressure from social groups.

Grenouille, the protagonist in Perfume, is a genius image with both dislocation and strangeness. He is born with a lack of human scent, but has an extraordinary sense of smell. Due to the lack of body odor, he was excluded from the world, but because of his special talent, he became a master of perfume creation. In Grenouille’s scent-built kingdom, the lack of body odour led to his suspicion of self-existence. In order to gain people’s attraction and prove his own existence, he started a mad murder. In the end, he obtained the body fragrance of 25 girls by murder and made a magical perfume, which gained people’s love and worship, but it also brought about his complete self-destruction. The goals of his crazy behavior is not only to achieve the value of survival, but also to get rid of the fear of survival. His pursuit of scent implies the pursuit of self-existence. From the story of Grenouille, we can fully feel the author’s concern for the vulnerable individual.

This paper, divided into three parts, lays its stress on the interpretation of existentialism of the protagonist Grenouille respectively in terms of his awakening of self-existence, his doubt and pursuit of self-existence, and his verification and complete negation of self-existence. The whole process of Grenouille’s awareness of self-existence from birth to death vividly and effectively discloses the author’s concern for the underprivileged people living at the bottom of society and his considerations of their survival in harsh reality.

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