Analysis of Holden Caulfield’s Inner Conflicts in The Catcher in the Rye毕业论文_英语毕业论文

Analysis of Holden Caulfield’s Inner Conflicts in The Catcher in the Rye毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

杰罗姆·大卫·塞林格的《麦田里的守望着》作为他的唯一一部长篇小说被称为20世纪文学的“现代经典”。该小说从第一人称叙述角度塑造了一个桀骜不驯的青少年霍尔顿的叛逆形象。他愤世嫉妒、玩世不恭,但又淳朴真诚、充满爱心,他渴望逃离这个他认为充满虚伪和欺骗的世界,但最终又不得不屈服于现实。本文从霍尔顿的自相矛盾出发,从矛盾的定义,形成原因以及解决办法三个角度深度剖析主人公的矛盾。

关键词:矛盾 定义 成因 解决方法

Abstract

The Catcher in the Rye, the only long novel of Jerome David Salinger, is honored as “modern classic” of American literature in the 20th century. Salinger creates a traitorous teenager, who has a cynical and sincere heart. In his inner world, the society is so hypocritical, but he has to submit to it in the end. This thesis will focus on three aspects of Holden Caulfield, a contradictory narrator: what Holden’s conflict is, why his conflict forms and how he solves conflict to get a profound understanding of Holden.

Key words: conflict, classification, cause, solution

Contents

  1. Introduction………………………………………………………………………..1
  2. Demonstration……………………………………………………………………..2

2.1 Classification of Holden’s conflicts……………………………………………… 2

      1. Conflict of behavior………………………………………………………….. 2
      2. Conflict of psychology………………………………………………………..5
    1. Causes for Holden’s conflicts……………………………………………………..6
      1. Lack of family’s attention………………………………………………………6
      2. Influence of education…………………………………………………….……7
      3. Complicated social environment………………………………………………8
    2. Solutions to Holden’s conflicts……………………………………………………9
      1. Self-exploration……………………………………………………………….9
      2. Search for love………………………………………………………………..9
      3. Compromise to reality……………………………………………………….10
  1. Conclusion……………………………………………………………………….11

Works Cited ……………………………………………………………………………………….13

Bibliography ………………………………………………………………………………………14

Analysis of Holden Caulfield’s Inner Conflicts in The Catcher in the Rye

  1. Introduction

Jerome David Salinger is one of the famous modern writers in America. His only long novel The Catcher in the Rye is loved by the majority of teenagers and is also referred to as “modern classic” of American literature in the 20th century. He earned his reputation from the classic novel, however, after that he became withdrawn and lived a secluded life.

In the novel The Catcher in the Rye, Salinger creates a defiant and cynical youth, Holden, which shows us the conflict between his inner world and reality. Caulfield Holden’s cynical thought causes a negative resistance. He longs for sincerity, but what he meets is all hypocrisy and deception. He wants to escape from the world to a remote village to pretend to be a deaf and dump person and “the catcher in the rye” to protect children and let them not fall off a cliff. However, he has to compromises to the real society in the end because he is unable to change the situation.

The research of the novel mainly focuses on the narrative techniques, symbolism, theme and so on in the novel, and something others about ethical issues are also involved in discussion. Arthur Heisman and James E. Miller said that The Catcher in the Rye is a respected ancient narrative tradition, in the western novel it maybe have a profound meaning, which embodies the tradition of “pursue” (Heisman and Miller 129-137). Starting from the theme, David Stevenson believes that the novel is Holden’s comment on the world, humorous and bitter (Stevenson 215-217). Many comments on the analysis of Holden’s character in our country think that Holden has a complex character—he is weak, rebellious but has a desire of innocence and goodness. The reviewer Huang Qiuyin said that Holden is accustomed to taking evasive attitude rather than solving his difficulties in a positive way (Huang 34-36).

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