A Comparative Study on the Flappers in The Great Gatsby The Sun Also Rises毕业论文_英语毕业论文

A Comparative Study on the Flappers in The Great Gatsby The Sun Also Rises毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

《了不起的盖茨比》是菲茨杰拉德的代表作品,《太阳照常升起》是海明威的第一部长篇小说。黛西和勃莱特分别是菲茨杰拉德和海明威在这两部作品中著名的女主角。她们虽都拥有迷人的外表,却具有不同的内心。黛西纯粹追求物质享受,而勃莱特更珍视精神自由;她们与书中男主角的爱情都成为悲剧,菲茨杰拉德将之归罪于黛西自身,而海明威给予勃莱特理解与宽恕。本文从人物形象和与情人的恋爱关系两个方面展开比较,并结合两位作者的自身经历,探讨作者对当时以时髦女郎为代表的女性的一些观点,得出结论认为菲茨杰拉德因自身婚姻不幸而厌恶女性,海明威因其无法寻觅到真正心意相通之人而对女性产生同情。

关键词: 菲茨杰拉德;海明威;《了不起的盖茨比》;《太阳照常升起》;时髦女郎;女性观

Contents

  1. Introduction———————————————————————————–1
  2. Demonstration——————————————————————————–3
    1. Characterization————————————————————————— 3
      1. Character Image: a Beautiful Fool vs. an Attractive Lady———————–3
      2. Spiritual Feature: Pursuit for Material vs. Pursuit for Spiritual Pleasure——4
    2. Relationship with Their Lover———————————————————-7
      1. Relationship with Their Partner: Shameful Marriage vs. Love without Sex– 7
      2. Affair with Other Men: Temporary Affair with Gatsby vs. Roam around Men————————————————————————————–8
    3. Writers’ View on Women—————————————————————9
      1. Different Views on Women: Hatred vs. Sympathy ——————————10
      2. Different Causes for Their View: Unhappy Marriage vs. Failure in Finding True Love——————————————————————————11

3. Conclusion ———————————————————————————-12

Works Cited————————————————————————————13

Bibliography———————————————————————————–14

A Comparative Study on the Flappers in The Great Gatsby and The Sun Also Rises

  1. Introduction

Considered as the spokesman of Jazz Age, Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald is one of the greatest American writers in the 20th century. In 1920, he published his first novel This Side of Paradise, making him famous in the literary world. But it was the publication of The Great Gatsby that established his reputation in the history of American literature. Setting its background on the upper White circle in the modern American society, The Great Gatsby mainly tells about the love story between Jay Gatsby and Daisy Buchanan. The novel “maps of a contemporary urban world”, as Guy Reynolds puts it, “a technological, consumerist, leisure society”(VI), exploring the theme of the disillusion of Gatsby’s American Dream, which is embodied by the heroine, Daisy Buchanan. Daisy is a typical flapper of the 1920s, a beautiful and material girl born in a rich family. Her love for Gatsby is conditioned by her desire for money and materialism. To some extent, Daisy is to blame for the death of Gatsby.

Ernest Hemingway was an American writer and journalist, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954. His special writing style—plain and brief—has been highly complimented by literary commentators. The New York Times wrote in 1926 of Hemingway’s first novel, “No amount of analysis can convey the quality of The Sun Also Rises. It is a truly gripping story, told in a lean, hard, athletic narrative prose that puts more literary English to shame.”(“The Sun”) The publication of The Sun Also Rises initiated his successful writing career. Regarded as the book of the Lost Generation, The Sun Also Rises tells about a group of American and British expatriates who travel from Paris to Spain to watch the bullfights. Though self-indulgence and decadence are everywhere in this novel, the theme that Hemingway wants to deliver is that after World War I, the Lost Generation is never lost, but instead they remain strong and determined. In The Sun Also Rises, the heroine—Brett Ashley, an attractive flapper fooling around four men—is to some extent the core of this novel. In Brett’s life, enjoyment and pleasure take the first place. Even though Jake, the hero, is the one she loves, she can only wander around other men to seek her fulfillment, since their love cannot be consummated.

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