A study of the English translation of road names in public service areas毕业论文
- Introduction 1
- Demonstration 2
- A review of English translation of road names 2
- Structural Classification of road names 3
- Translation methods for each component 4
- Translation of generic names 4
- Translation of trait components 5
- Translation of proper names 6
- The basic rules of English translation of road names 9
- “Proper name generic name” 9
- “Proper name trait components generic name” 9
- “Trait component generic name” 9
- Complex form 9
- Conclusion 7
A Study of the English Translation of Road Names in Public Service Areas
Nowadays, with the internationalization of China growing, more and more foreigners choose to come to China for sightseeing, work or study abroad. In order to facilitate their travel in China, it is urgent to establish and improve the urban public facilities signing system, especially the road English mark . In order to meet the actual needs of the public service sector, some cities in China have successively introduced a series of normative guidelines for the English translation of road names. However, at present, there is still a lack of standard road name translation norms in China, which is an urgent problem to be solved.
The domestic scholars’ discussion on the English translation of road names mainly focuses on two aspects: one is to correct the mistakes in the translation of road names, and the other is to talk about the principle of translation of road names advocated by them.
However, whether it is correcting the mistake of the translation of the road name itself or proposing the principle of translation, both of them fails to fundamentally solve the problem of the translation of the road names. Without systematic translation rules, the norm cannot be discussed. For this, Xu Jian (2006) conducted a general research classification on the structure and basic components of Chinese names of public places, and then summed up the existing translations and potential norms of Chinese names through the structure of the names. However, he did not propose a systematic translation method, but the way to analyze the Chinese structure of the road name should be a clear way to propose translation specifications.
To sum up, what is lacking in the English translation of road names in China is a set of systematic norms. This article intends to, from reality, referring to Xu Jian’s (2006) method of analyzing road name structure, taking the name of foreign roads as
a guide, summarize a more systematic translation method.
- History of English translation of road names
As a cultural form of external display, the spelling and the translation form of road names is of great political significance. The relevant departments in China have always attached great importance to this. At the Third United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names in 1977, the vote decided to use the place names spelled in Chinese Pinyin as the international standard for the translation of road names in China. In 1998, in the notice published by the Ministry of Civil Affairs, it is clearly stated that when local government place name signs, the spelling of Roman letters should be spelled in Chinese Pinyin, and no English or any other letters which undermines national dignity should be used.
In 2007, the Beijing Municipal Government and the Shanghai Municipal Government successively issued the General Rules for the English Translation of Bilingual Marks in Public Places and the Basic Rules for the English Translation of Road Names in Shanghai. Then in 2008, the Guangdong Provincial Government issued the Standard for the English Translation of Bilingual Marks in Public Places. All three documents require that the generic names of geographical names are usually translated directly in English, the initials of English words are capitalized, and the rest are lowercase. At the same time, these three documents also have certain provisions on the basic problems such as orientation words and ordinal numbers contained in the road names encountered in the actual translation of road names. In 2015, the Shanghai Geographical Names Management Office issued the Guidelines for the English Translation of Road Names in Shanghai on the basis of the Basic Rules for the English Translation of Road Names in Shanghai , which detailed the translation of road names in Shanghai. In 2014, the Guidelines for the Use of English in Public Service Areas was introduced. However, even such a national standard have failed to clarify the translation of road name specifications.