A Comparative Study of Conceptual Metaphors in the Color “Red” in Chinese and English毕业论文_英语毕业论文

A Comparative Study of Conceptual Metaphors in the Color “Red” in Chinese and English毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

本文在概念隐喻理论的基础上,对汉字“红”和英文颜色词“red”的隐喻意象进行了比较和分析。研究结果表明,作为一种语言现象和一种思维方式,概念隐喻与文化密不可分。

汉英语言中“红”和“red”表示的隐喻意义有相同点也有不同点。两者有着共同的生理构造和色彩感知,因此在颜色隐喻使用上存在着相似之处。“红” 和“red”都能表达喜悦、害羞、愤怒、死亡和健康。但与此同时,由于汉英民族不同的自然环境、宗教信仰以及社会风俗,“red”和“红”也有着明显的隐喻差异。“Red”在英文中可表示亏损、激进,然而在汉语中,“红”则表示红利、妒忌、共产主义和革命。

本文从概念隐喻理论的角度理解颜色隐喻,有利于加深语言学习者对颜色隐喻的认知理解,并帮助他们加强对汉英民族不同文化的认识,从而促进跨文化交流。

关键词:概念隐喻理论;对比分析;红色隐喻;隐喻意义

Contents

Acknowledgements I

Abstract II

摘要 III

  1. Introduction 1
    1. Research background 1
      1. Studies abroad 1
      2. Studies at home 1
    2. Significance of the study 2
    3. Structure of this thesis 3
  2. Demonstration 3
    1. Conceptual Metaphor Theory 3
      1. General concepts 3
      2. Cognitive relations in Conceptual Metaphor Theory 4
      3. Conceptual metaphor and sociocultural consciousness 4
    2. The comparison between “red” and “红” metaphors 5
      1. Similarities 5
        1. In the domain of emotion 5
        2. In the domain of disaster 6
        3. In the domain of body condition 7
      2. Differences 7
        1. In the domain of emotion 7
        2. In the domain of politics 7
        3. In the domain of economy 8
  3. Conclusion 10

Works Cited 12

Bibliography 13

A Comparative Study of Conceptual Metaphors in the Color “Red” in Chinese and English

  1. Introduction 1.1Research background 1.1.1Studies abroad

Research on metaphor has a long history. Western study of metaphor can be divided into three different periods. The first period was roughly from 300 BC to the 1930s. Aristotle studied metaphor from the perspective of rhetoric, and people began to study the rhetorical metaphors. In the first century AD, rhetorician Quintillian proposed the Substitution Theory. He believed that metaphor actually was to replace one word with another (Shu 3). The second period ran from the 1930s to the early 1970s, during which people studied metaphors from semantics. Richards first put forward Interaction Theory in the book The Philosophy of Rhetoric (Richards 93). Later, Max Black (1962) inherited and developed the theory. They believed that metaphor was the process of a new meaning which resulted from the interaction between the metaphorical meanings of the two main words in the context. The third period was from the 1970s to the present. During this time, people have carried out many cross science studies on metaphors from the perspectives of cognitive psychology, philosophy, pragmatics, and so on. Lakoff amp; Johnson first proposed Conceptual Metaphor Theory in their book: Metaphors We Live by (1980). And it takes human cognitive activity as one focus of research, which indicates that from traditional rhetoric and semantic research, metaphor research has entered a new cognitive field. This has greatly accelerated people’s comprehensive understanding of the relationship among language, thought and the real world.

1.1.2 Studies at home

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