象似性理论在英语语法教学上的应用 The Theory of Iconicity and Its Application to the Teaching of English Grammar毕业论文
Nowadays, Iconicity is a feverish topic discussed by cognitive linguists. Iconicity can be revealed at all levels of language. So it is not only significant for the analysis of literary work and the study of translation, but it can be very instructive to the teaching of English.
Throughout history, arbitrariness has been considered as one of the most distinguished features of language. Saussure (1857-1913), a famous linguist, asserted that there was no interrelationship between the signifier and signified or such relation cannot be testified; that’s to say, it is casual and conventional. However, in the 1940s, Peirce, founder of American practicalism and semiotics, defined icon, index and symbol in another way. He (1940) contended that syntax in every language mirrors logic Iconicity by means of conventional rules. Haiman, a French pragmatic linguist, makes the greatest achievements in studying syntactic iconicity. He believes that the surface form of a sentence iconically diagrams its semantics.
This thesis gives a comprehensive and systematic introduction of iconicity of language with emphasis on its application in English grammar teaching. This thesis is divided into three chapters. Chapter one introduces two representatives of arbitrariness, Saussure and Chomsky, and two pioneers in iconicity, Peirce and Haiman, by reviewing their arbitrary and iconic views about language respectively. Chapter two illustrates the three levels of iconicity. Chapter three gives grammatical examples to explain how iconicity can be implemental to English grammar teaching. This thesis aims to make iconicity familiar to readers so as to help create a new angle for English grammar teaching.
Key words: iconicity; English grammar teaching; arbitrariness; teaching application
1 The Representatives of Arbitrariness and Iconicity and Their Views on Language 2
1.1 Arbitrary Views about Language 2
1.1.1 Saussure’s views 2
1.1.2 Chomsky’s views 3
1.2 Iconic Views about Language 4
1.2.1 Peirce’s Views 4
1.2.2 Haiman’s Views 6
2 Iconicity at Different Levels 7
2.1 Iconicity at phonological level 7
2.1.1 Auditory iconicity 7
2.1.2 Articulatory iconicity 8
2.1.3 Associative iconicity 8
2.2 Iconicity at Word Level 10
2.2.1 iconicity on graphology 10