家庭代际伦理视角下的《离开科罗诺斯之路》父女关系研究 Family Intergenerational Ethical Interpretation of Father-Daughter Relationship in the Road from Colonus毕业论文_英语毕业论文

家庭代际伦理视角下的《离开科罗诺斯之路》父女关系研究 Family Intergenerational Ethical Interpretation of Father-Daughter Relationship in the Road from Colonus毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

爱德华·摩根·福斯特,是 20 世纪英国著名的现实主义作家。他的写作素材大部分来自于个人生活经历,深刻地诠释了当时的社会道德主题。《离开科罗诺斯之路》是他的早期短篇小说代表作之一,讲述了年老的卢卡斯在女儿埃塞尔的陪伴下去希腊旅行,在科罗诺斯因一汪泉水而顿悟,萌生常住的念头,却因女儿的不理解而被强行带走, 最终变成空心人的故事。

家庭代际伦理,主要从纵向的角度探讨了家庭成员之间的伦理形态。作为联结亲子关系的伦理纽带,它在一定程度上维系了家庭代际关系。然而由于经济、文化和生存环境的差异,不同代际的家庭成员自然而然地形成了不同的伦理诉求,严重妨碍了代际沟通伦理渠道的实现。家庭代际伦理就是协调这种关系的伦理规范。

从表面上看,《离开科罗诺斯之路》围绕是否离开科罗诺斯展开,呈现了旅途中父女之间常见的小分歧。但实际上,这种分歧是必然的,具有深层次的原因。本文以家庭代际伦理作为理论框架,试图从经济、文化和心理三个方面来探究卢卡斯和埃塞尔父女沟通失败的原因。本文指出,正是这些代际差异阻碍了父女沟通伦理渠道的实现,最终导致了卢卡斯的伦理悲剧。本文最后呼吁人们要在代际差异中寻求共识,用联系和真诚打破疏远的坚冰,实现家庭代际沟通的伦理渠道,营造一种温馨和谐的家庭氛围。

关键词:《离开科罗诺斯之路》;家庭代际伦理;父女关系;

Edward Morgan Forster, is an eminent British realist writer in the 20th century. The majority of his writing materials derive from his life experiences, profoundly interpreting social moral themes in that period. The Road from Colonus is one of the most representative short stories in his early years. It tells a story of the elderly Lucas who travels to Greece in the company of his daughter Ethel, and yearns for a sojourn to grasp the epiphany from a spring of water in Colonus, but is compelled to leave due to the incomprehension of his daughter, eventually becoming a hollow man.

Family intergenerational ethics primarily probes into an ethical form among family members from a vertical angle. It sustains family intergenerational relationships to some extent as the ethical link between children and their parents. However, various ethical pursuits are awakened by the discrepancy in economy, culture and living condition, severely hindering the accomplishment of the ethical channel of family intergenerational communication. Family intergenerational ethics is precisely the ethical norms to harmonize this kind of intergenerational relationship.

Seemingly, The Road from Colonus writes about whether to leave Colonus or not, and presents the natural divergence between the father and the daughter en route. But in fact, the divergence is inevitable on account of more underlying causes. The paper, adopting family intergenerational ethics as the theoretical framework, attempts to explore the causes of failure to achieve father-daughter communication between Lucas and Ethel from economic, cultural and psychological respects. The paper proposes that these generation gaps impede the accomplishment of the ethical channel in the father-daughter communication, resulting his ethical tragedy in the end. The paper finally appeals for the masses to reach consensus on generation gaps, break the ice of the alienation with their sincerity and communication, and accomplish the ethical channel of family intergenerational communication so as to create a beatific family atmosphere.

Key Words: The Road from Colonus; family intergenerational ethics; father-daughter relationship

  1. Introduction 1
    1. E. M. Forster and The Road from Colonus 1
    2. Family Intergenerational Ethics 2
  2. Economic Gap between Lucas and Ethel 4
    1. Material Worship of Ethical Situation 4
    2. Income Disparity of Ethical Identity 5
  3. Cultural Gap between Lucas and Ethel 7
    1. Aspiration of Lucas for Individualism 7
    2. Inclination of Ethel for Filiality 8
  4. Psychological Gap between Lucas and Ethel 10
    1. Lucas: Resistance to Passive Life 10
    2. Ethel: Confinement to External Evaluation 11
  5. Conclusion 13

References 15

Acknowledgements 17

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