习近平西雅图演讲的用典研究 Study of Allusions in President Xi Jinping’s Speech in Seattle毕业论文_英语毕业论文

习近平西雅图演讲的用典研究 Study of Allusions in President Xi Jinping’s Speech in Seattle毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

典故是语言的精华,是一个民族历史和文化的浓缩。文章或者讲话常常因为典故的恰当使用而增色。通常典故多用于正式的场合,借以间接表达某些不便直说的思想;有时,典故也会被用于增强讲话者言语的表达效果。在政治演讲中,典故的引用更是被发挥到了极致。古今中外不乏偏爱用典的外交家,习近平也特别青睐于用典,在他的作品中随处可见典故的使用。

本文分为五个部分:第一部分介绍选题背景;第二部分文学综述,介绍政治演讲和典故;第三部分从形式上和分类上介绍习近平于二零一五年九月二十四日在西雅图演讲所用的典故;第四部分,挖掘习近平西雅图演讲所用典故的含义和影响;最后一部分是总结。政治演讲的重要性不言而喻,我们对政治演讲所用手法的分析也不能浅尝辄止,深入挖掘其内涵才能更好地理解演讲想要表达的外交理念乃至治国方针。

关键词:习近平;西雅图演讲;典故

Abstract

Allusion is the soul of language, and it contains a nation’s history and culture. The expression effects of articles and speeches are often promoted by using allusions properly. Allusions are usually used in formal situations to convey ideas which are not convenient for the speaker to talk directly. Under some conditions allusions are also quoted to strengthen what the speaker wants to express. The quotation of allusions is frequently seen in political speeches. There are diplomats who have preference to allusions at all times and in all places. President Xi Jinping has a special favor towards allusions and they can be found easily in his works.

This paper includes five parts. In the first part, a brief introduction is given to show the background of choosing this topic. The second part is literature review, which introduces political speech and allusion. The third part analyzes the allusions applied in President Xi Jinping’s speech in Seattle on September 24th, 2015 from the aspects of form and category. The forth part is going to discuss the meanings and effects of allusions in President Xi’s speech. And the fifth part is conclusion. The importance of political speeches is known by us all, so we should study and better understand these speeches rather than just read or talk about them. Only in this way can we know better about our leaders’ political standpoints and governing policies.

Key Words: Xi Jinping; Speech in Seattle; Allusion

Contents

1 Introduction 1

2 Literature Review 2

2.1 Political Speech 2

2.2 Allusion 3

3 Form and Category Analysis of Allusions in President Xi’s Speech 5

3.1 Form Analysis 5

3.2 Category Analysis 6

4 Meanings and Effects of Allusions in President Xi’s Speech in Seattle 8

4.1 Meanings of Allusions in President Xi’s Speech 8

4.2 Effects of Allusions in President Xi’s Speech 10

5 Conclusion 13

References 14

Acknowledgements 15

Study of Allusions in President Xi Jinping’s Speech in Seattle

1 Introduction

Since the beginning of reform and opening-up in 1978, China has set out on an extraordinary journey. After a development of more than three decades, China has edged into the world’s second largest economy. As a result, there are more and more exchanges among countries and our presidents travel to other countries for political visits and make political speeches more frequently. When talking about those political speeches made by our presidents, one thing we must admit is that the speeches are of great importance to the relations between China and the entire world. Those speeches are more than what they are. They usually express our country’s political positions, our country’s diplomacy principles and our country’s attitudes toward certain affairs. So the inner meanings of these speeches are worthy of our full-scale analysis.

It has been three years since Xi Jinping became the president of China on March 14th, 2013. And during this time he has made more than one hundred speeches, which became important indicative files of the governments’ development. And the researches on his speeches have never stopped.

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