大学生英语口语学习策略研究A Research On Non-English Majors’ Learning Strategies in Oral English毕业论文
随着英语教育的不断改革，口语学习的地位越来越重要，因此，口语学习的策略成为了现阶段英语教育中的热点话题。本文以研究大学生的口语学习策略为依据，回顾上个世纪以来的专家学者对于语言学习策略的定义和分类，以O’Malley and Chamot的学习策略分类为参考,将语言学习的策略分为元认知策略、情感策略、社交策略。本文实证部分，对武汉理工大学500名非英语专业学生进行调查研究，找出非英语专业学生在口语学习中的主要障碍并且了解学生语言学习策略运用情况，结果表明学生虽然有使用学习策略的意识但是对语言学习策略的使用仍然不够。最后，基于研究情况，作者对非英语专业学生的口语学习提出了一些建议，帮助学生找到合适的学习策略，制定口语学习计划，激发练习口语的热情，并且在社交中不断完善自我的口语能力。
The results of previous studies on language learning indicate that language learning strategies play an influential role in the process of language learning. In this regard, this paper tries to do a research results on language learning strategies of Non-English Majors’ learners and highlights the importance of these strategies in language learning and teaching. The paper studies the previous researches, learns the concept of language learning strategy, and concludes various classifications of language learning strategies proposed by researchers. The paper also discusses the factors which influence student’s choice of learning strategies and tries to help students to choose appropriate learning strategies. In addition to the findings, firstly, learning strategies do have effect on the learning of oral English; secondly, the effectiveness of a strategy depends not only on what task it applies to but on personal characteristics.
Key Words: oral English; language learning strategies; oral English teaching
1 Introduction 1
2 Literature Review 3
2.1 Studies on Language Learning Strategies Abroad 3
2.2 Studies on Language Learning Strategies in China 3
2.3 Definition and Classification of Language Learning Strategies 4
3 Case Study 6
3.1 Research Design 6
3.2 Data Collection and Analysis 7
4 Learning Obstacles and Learning Strategies of Oral English…………………………………………..9
4.1 Student’s Leaning Attitudes towards Oral English 9
4.2 Students’ Learning Difficulties and Obstacles in Oral English Learning 9
4.3 Language Learning Strategies in Oral English 11
4.3.1 Metacognitive Strategies 11
4.3.2 Affective Strategies 13
4.3.3 Social Strategies 13
4.3.4 Summary of the strategies 14
4.4 Factors Influencing the Choice of Learning Strategies 14
5 Conclusion 16
A Research on Non-English Majors’ Language Learning Strategies in Oral English
With the cultural globalization, people will get more chances to communicate internationally in English. Obviously, spoken English is playing a much more important role in communications. So for college students, especially the non-English majors, oral English proficiency not only has become essential in daily life communication, but also become a competitive skill in their future career.
For the majority of the students, the class is the only way to practice oral English. Due to the limited learning time the input and output English of students is very poor. In some studies, experts think limited training time of English makes it hard for students to improve their oral English and psychologically prepare of expressing their ideas in English (Lee, 2003). In fact, most students have awareness of the importance of spoken English learning, but they feel daunted by the spoken English task ahead. Each student’s wish is to be able to speak fluent English, but when achieving the aspirations, they exhibit the self-confidence. One important reason is that they have never made remarkable achievements in spoken English learning. The confidence of spoken English learning of the students will be completely lost with age, which gradually reduces the initiative and innovation of spoken English learning (Lee, 2003). What’s more, being the lack of English vocabulary, students cannot apply the appropriate words and even forget the learned words in spoken English. Another problem is pronunciation, no matter English majors and non-English majors, their pronunciation and intonation are not quite standard. Therefore, how to help college students express themselves both accurately and fluently in English classroom and how to apply some new strategies in oral English learning become a heated research topic.
This paper aims to find out factors which influence oral English learning of college students by means of a survey and data analysis as well. Under the relevant second language acquisition theories, the paper tries to finds the existing problems of English teaching class at the present stage and the obstacles which affect students’ oral English learning. In addition, this paper also collects the classification of learning strategies in learning process, the relationship between learning strategies and learning results, and illustrates how to adopt effective learning strategies.