原型理论视角下的《情迷佛罗伦萨》An Analysis of Up At the Villa from the Perspective of Archetype Theory毕业论文
William Somerset Maugham (1874-1965) is a renowned English novelist and dramatist in 20th century. He is called the writer who owns the most readers in the English fictionist after Dickens. His fascinating story and probe of human nature are admirable. However, compared with his other works, this “Up at the Villa” is less well-known. The plot happens between one woman and three men. This paper aims to use Jung’s archetype theory to analyze the personality characteristics of four roles in this work mainly. It will be divided into four parts. The first part introduces the author and his works, literature review, and an overview of Jung’s archetype theory. The following section analyzes the female character Mary’s personality. Moreover, the marriage archetype in Maugham’s works is also explored. The third part depicts male characters’ archetypes. The last part is conclusion. Through these narration above, readers can not only appreciate the charm of Maugham’s works, but also get the knack of analyzing their own personalities.
Key Words: Maugham; Up at the Villa; archetype theory; personality
1 Introduction 1
1.1 The Author and His Works 1
1.2 Literature Review 2
1.3 The Archetype Theory of Jung 4
2 Archetype of Female Characters 7
2.1 Mary’s Personality and Women’s Liberation 7
2.2 The Marriage Archetype in Maugham’s Works 10
3 Archetype of Male Characters 12
3.1 Rowley Flint and the Self 12
3.2 Edgar Swift and the Persona 13
4 Conclusion 15
Analysis of Up at the Villa from Perspective of Archetype Theory
The Author and His Works
William Somerset Maugham (1874-1965) is a renowned 20th Century British fictionist and dramatist. For up to sixty years writing career, he has published twenty novels, more than thirty plays, more than one hundred short stories, and a lot of literary reviews and travel notes. Overall, Maugham’s fictions have wide range of topics, vivid plots, twists and turns. He has so exotic and attractive writing style that he is called the writer who “owns the most readers in the English fictionist after Dickens”(唐颖，2014，p.1).
It is his life experience that causes his works as they are. When he is less than ten years old, his parents have passed away. He is sent back to Britain, raised by his uncle. At school, he is often bullied by older children. Sometimes he goes through endless humiliation because of short stature and severe stuttering. Lonely and desolate childhood casts a painful shadow in his tender soul, developing his sensitive and introverted personality. “Bereavement pains in childhood, compounded by lack of love in adolescence, took root in Maugham’s personal unconscious. Jung’s research proves that all that one has been experienced will not evaporate; they are just buried in personal unconscious.”(Chen Yan, 2009, p.5) Childhood experiences have a profound impact on his world view and literature view.
In early 1892, he went to Heidelberg University to study for a year. There, he has been exposed to German philosopher and historian Kunnuo Fisher and new trends in drama with Ibsen as a representative. He returns to Britain the same year as a trainee in an accounting firm in London for six weeks, then into medical school to study medicine. His physician career makes him have the opportunity to learn not only the living conditions of people at the bottom, but also calm and sharp view of life and society. Therefore, owing to his childhood and career, his works is filled with both emotion and ration.