浅析人工智能对翻译行业的影响 An Analysis of the Influence of Artificial Intelligence on the Translation Industry毕业论文
In the era of big data, the development of artificial intelligence (AI) and the acceleration of globalization have changed the understanding of the general public on certain occupations and industries as well as have enriched the connotation of them. AI is changing the current world quietly, including the popularity of smart phones and intelligent home appliances that can be operated remotely. AI applications are almost ubiquitous. Therefore, applying AI to better serve human society is a subject that humankind need continuously study and perfect. At present, the great progress made in machine translation and AI translation in translation has caused hot debates and even anxiety among translation professionals and language majors. This paper, based on the revision of “translation” item in the Occupational Classification of People’s Republic of China, combined with the application of AI in translation, will discuss how should translation industry, translation education and translation profession deal with the impact brought by AI from the perspective of the sustainable development of English majors, especially translation majors. In this paper, it is predicted that in the next 2 to 3 decades, although the application of AI in translation will be more extensive and stable, high-level translators will still be in short supply.
Key Words: Artificial intelligence; Translation industry; Translation major; Education; Employment
1 Introduction 1
2 The Development of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Translation 3
2.1 Machine Translation: the predecessor of AI Translation 3
2.2 The Booming Development of AI Translation 4
3 The Challenges of cultivation of Translation Majors 7
3.1 The Changing Translation Industry 7
3.2 The Current Situation of Translation Major 8
4 The Impact of development of AI Translation 11
4.1 The positive impact on healthy development of Translation Major 11
4.2 The Prospect of Translation Industry 12
4.3 The Concern of Development of AI Translation 13
5 Conclusions 15
An Analysis of the Influence of Artificial Intelligence on the Translation Industry
Before discussing AI translation, its predecessor machine translation should be mentioned first. In 1946, the first modern electronic computer ENIAC in the world came into being. In the next year, American scientist, the forerunner of Information Theory Warren Weaver generated the idea of automatic translation with machine and put forward it formally in his Translation Memorandum in 1949. In 1954, the American Georgetown-IBM Laboratory successfully used the IBM 701 computer to translate 60 sentences from Russian into English，which was the starting point of machine translation practice. Although having confronted with bottleneck several times, machine translation never stopped advancing in the past 7 decades. Currently, the general public have systems such as Google Translation, Microsoft Translator and Baidu Translation on hand.
Besides practice, machine translation theoretical translation is also under way. The study of machine translation started earlier abroad. From 1954 the experiment mentioned before, machine translation has started gaining attentions from scholars. One significant representative is M.A.K.Halliday, who became interested in machine translation as early as 1950s. And in 2006, he emphasized the importance of machine translation in the inauguration ceremony of The Halliday Centre For Intelligent Applications of Language Studies in City University of HK again. In Linguistics and Machine Translation, he criticized that researchers and developers ignored the linguistic elements of machine translation, which was vital in improving the quality of machine translation (Halliday, 2007). Domestically, machine translation emerged in 1957 and gained prosperity during 1980s because the opening-up and development policy enhanced the need of translation service. Before 1988, domestic scholars focused on the translation evaluation, after the Transtar-1 coming out in 1988, studies extended to the application, evaluation, impact and prospect of machine translation.