论中国古典诗歌对庞德意象派诗歌的影响 On the impact of Chinese Classical Poetry on Ezra Pound’s Imagist Poetry毕业论文
埃兹拉•庞德(Ezra Pound，1885—1972)是 20 世纪美国意象派诗歌运动的先驱，是英美现代诗坛上最具有影响力的诗豪，也是英美现代文学中最伟大的旗手。庞德通过意象派运动冲击了英美传统诗学，始开意象派风气之先河。在翻译与创作中他掀起“中国古典诗歌热”，引导着美国诗人认同中国文化。自此，美国诗歌从理论到实践，从美学观念到表达方式，浸润着中华传统文化的精神。
1. Introduction 1
1.1 An Introduction of Ezra Pound 1
1.2An Introduction of Imagism 2
1.3 The Significance of the Research 3
1.4 Research Questions and Methodology 3
1.5 Organization of the Paper 4
2. Literature Review 5
2.1 Overseas Researches 5
2.2 Domestic Researches 6
3. Pound’s Involvement with Classical Chinese Poetry 8
3.1 Fenollosa’s Manuscripts 8
3.2 Cathay 9
4. Elements of Classical Chinese Poetry in Pound’s Imagist Poetry 11
4.1 Image 11
4.2 Artistic Conception 14
4.3 Rhythm 16
5. Conclusion 19
On the Impact of Classical Chinese Poetry on Ezra Pound’s Imagist Poetry
1.1 An Introduction of Ezra Pound
Ezra Pound, one of the most important figures in the British and American literary world in the 20th century, is not only a famous modern poet, but also an outstanding critic and translator. He was born in the frontier mining town of the Hailey, Idaho, and studied at the University of Pennsylvania and then at the Hamilton College, where he majored in Romance philosophy and read a good collection of books of classical literature. After the First World War, he moved to Paris and met some poets who were quite active in the literary world. And he was influenced by these people when he started to write in the image school. Pound is an important representative of the Imagist poetry movement. He and Eliot are the leading figure of late symbolism. He put forward the theory of “poetic image” from classical Chinese poetry and Japanese haiku, which made great contributions to the mutual reference of Eastern and Western poetry.
Pound had a lot of writings throughout his life. His major works include A Lume Spento, Exultation, The Spirit of Romance, Personae, Hugh Selwyn Mauberley, Homage to Sextus Propertivs, Cathay and The Cantos and so on. His early work was extraordinarily varied while followed the theory of imagism and expressed them accurately, vividly and implicitly. The text was concise, popular, and full of smooth musical beauty. In London, 1909, he came into contact with T.E. Hulme and the Poets’ Club and soon became the leader of the imagist movement. Then he moved on to “vorticism”, which though still stressing direct and bare presentation, sought for some principle of dynamism and energy in the image.
In his literary career, Pound had actively translated and published a large number of classical Chinese poetry. He introduced the classical Chinese poetry into the western modernist culture in a more comprehensive and objective manner, allowing the West to more clearly recognize the unique charm of Chinese culture; and, the translation of poetry also benefited him a lot. He learned to master the skills of Chinese poets in constructing images, and creatively applied it to his poetry, thus promoting the development of the American New Poetry Movement.