《少数派报告》中的自由意志浅析Analysis of Free Will in Minority Report毕业论文
Free will has always been a hot topic in philosophy. In recent years, the study of free will mainly concentrates on free will itself, or its relationship with science and technology, morality, law, and other factors. Minority Report is a science fiction story about the future precrime system, which arrests criminals before committing crimes. When the founder of the system, Anderton, is predicted to kill a stranger, he launches a match with Kaplan. This paper mainly studies the free will of Minority Report. Based on the analysis of predecessors’ related research and the content of Minority Report, the paper is written from three perspectives — firstly, science and technology constrain free will. Anderton uses the former as tools to exercise free will and changes himself from passive to active. By contrast, Kaplan turns from active to passive and ultimately succumbs to science and technology. Secondly, traditional moral concepts hamper free will. Anderton breaks traditions, chooses crimes, and turns things to his own side. Kaplan’s free will tends to be negative, and finally loses. Thirdly, although Anderton once had the idea of walking away for himself, his mind ultimately still surrenders to the rule of the system. Oppositely, in Kaplan’s world of view, there is no law of the system but his will, the loss of which causes his failure in he end. In conclusion, with the development of science and technology and human evolution, the good and evil of human free will, the balance between personal interest and collective interest and the responsibilities of human beings deserve attention.
Key Words: Free Will; Minority Report; Science Fiction
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Introduction to the author 1
1.2 Literature review 2
1.3 Theory of free will 3
2 Free Will in the Science and Technology 5
2.1 Restricted free will in the science and technology 5
2.2 Disengaged free will in the science and technology 6
3 Free Will in Morality 8
3.1 Disappeared free will in morality-denying system 8
3.2 Regained free will in morality-denying system 9
4 Free Will in the Law 11
4.1 Obedient free will in the law of the system 11
4.2 Resistant free will in the law of the system 12
5 Conclusion 13
Analysis of Free Will in Minority Report
1.1 Introduction to the author
Philip K. Dick (1928 ~1982) is a science fiction writer in the United States. He and his twin sister, Jane Charlotte Dick, were born in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Their parents are Joseph Edgar and Dorothy Kindred Dick. He sold his first novel in 1952 and began writing full time. Although he was praised by famous science fiction writers such as Stanislav Lyme, Robert Heinlein, and Robert Silverberg during his lifetime, he rarely received approval from the general public and the literary world until he died.
Dick is a writer with a wide range of interests, including religion, philosophy, metaphysics, and neo-Gnosticsm. These elements also appear in his stories. In addition to the 38 books still in circulation, he also writes short stories and a few works published in magazines. At least seven of them have been adapted into films. His masterpiece, The Man in the High Castle, builds a new type of science fiction — the Alternative History (fictional history), and also wins the 1963 Hugo prize for the best novel. Flow My Tears, The Policeman Said is about a world famous man who wakes up with the same appearance in another parallel world is no longer a celebrity and no one even knows him. This novel won the best novel in 1975 John W. Campbell Memorial Award. In his stories, Dick likes to put people into a fictitious world, by which he caricatures reality ideas and systems.