Analysis of Characters in Lawrence's The Rocking Horse Winner From the Perspective of Psychoanalytic Criticism毕业论文_英语毕业论文

Analysis of Characters in Lawrence’s The Rocking Horse Winner From the Perspective of Psychoanalytic Criticism毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

《木马赢家》是劳伦斯晚年著名的短篇小说之一,小说描绘了一位内心被金钱和物欲逐渐扭曲异化的母亲,以及一位渴望母爱,期望通过各种方式赢得母亲的关爱却最终酿成悲剧的儿子的形象,以现代寓言的形式揭示了金钱至上的社会中人性的扭曲和母爱的缺失,批判了西方工业社会中金钱对人与人之间关系的扭曲。本文以弗洛伊德的精神分析批评理论为指导,从俄狄浦斯情结和人格结构理论等方面分析了作者劳伦斯的创作动机,以及其代表作《木马赢家》中主人公保罗的人物形象,剖析了对母亲非正常的依恋和扭曲的朝我是如何潜移默化的支配着主人公的人生,并使其最终走向悲剧。揭示小说背后更深层的社会及心理原因,引起人们深刻的思考,以期探索小说更深层的内涵和意义。

关键词:弗洛伊德;精神分析批评;俄狄浦斯情结;超我

Abstract

The Rocking Horse Winner is one of Lawrence’s famous short stories in his later years. The novel depicts a mother whose heart is gradually distorted and alienated by her greed for money and material comfort and a son who longs for the love of his mother and wants to win it by all means. The Rocking Horse Winner takes the form of modern fable and reveals the distortion of human nature and the lack of love in a money-oriented society, and criticizes the distortion of the relationship between people caused by money in the western industrial society. Based on Freud’s psychoanalytic criticism theory, this paper analyses the creative motivation of Lawrence and the character image of Paul in his masterpiece The Rocking Horse Winner from the aspects of Oedipus Complex and personality structure theory. It discusses how the Oedipus complex and distorted superego exert a subtle influence on the life of the protagonist and lead him to a tragic ending at last. The significance of this paper lies in revealing the deeper social and psychological reasons behind the novel, and gaining a profound understanding of the author’s writing.

Keywords: Freud; Psychoanalysis criticism; Oedipus complex; Superego

Contents

摘 要 I

Abstract II

1.Introduction 1

2. Literature Review 3

2.1.Freud’s psychoanalytic criticism 3

2.1.1.Essence and Characteristics of Literature: Satisfaction of Repressed Desire and Unconscious Sublimation 3

2.1.2.Literary Appreciation and Literary Criticism: Revealing “Oedipus Complex” and Personal Structure 4

3. Psycho-analysis of the author 7

3.1.The influence of Lawrence’s own experience on his creation 7

3.2.The childhood experience of Lawrence 9

3.3.The relationship between Lawrence and his mother 10

4.Analysis of the image of Paul 11

5.Conclusion 14

Acknowledgements 15

References 16

1.Introduction

D. H. Lawrence is a great English novelist whose works have far-reaching influence. Some of his works are also caused intense social controversy and reaction, and even once has been banned by the authorities. The most direct reason is that Lawrence’s description, language, and thoughts are beyond the scope of ethics and morality that people and society can bear at that time (Leavis,1995). In other words, the novels of Lawrence did not conform to social ethics and morality at that time. However, with the development of the times and the improvement of the level of people’s understanding, scholars gradually realize the ethical value and significance of Lawrence’s works. Lawrence’s works could breathe a new life, which has a profound impact on the lives and thoughts of individuals. “Literature, as an art form, typically and centrally reflects the moral phenomena of human society and describes the moral contradictions and conflicts existing in society” (Keith, 1998:5). In addition, “literature is a unique expression of ethical concepts and moral life in a specific historical stage. Literature is essentially the art of criticism”(Li, 2001:18). Many of Lawrence’s works have explored the fates and ethics of human beings in society. Among them, The Rocking Horse Winner is Lawrence’s masterpiece of short stories. This story explores Lawrence’s concern about the relationship between the son and his mother, reflecting the distortion of healthy and harmonious interpersonal relationships caused by money in the western industrial society. The story is concise and thought-provoking. It has a strong shock effect and practical significance. So far, maternal love is still an eternal topic, and the important significance of social relations such as mother-child and husband-wife is self-evident. This paper mainly analyses the image of Paul in The Rocking Horse Winner through psychoanalytic criticism theory, which has important reference significance and inspiration for the construction of the harmonious relationship between people in modern society, especially for the construction of happy family relationship. Besides, through Freud’s theory, we can have a deeper understanding of the creative psychology of the author so that better understand the novel.

The Rocking Horse Winner reflects the distortions of money on healthy and harmonious interpersonal relationships in western industrial societies, which resulted in the materialization of the family relationship. The scholar Bi Binbing commented on The Rocking Horse Winner as “revealing the complete alienation of family relations and the destructive power of women in the modern money society: Paul’s mother was greedy for money, and not only did husband and wife alienate each other, but also lost maternal love and neglected children”(Bi, 2012:67). So the study of this novel can serve as a good warning to establish a natural and harmonious relationship between contemporary men and women, family members, and even to have a normal attachment relationship between mother and son.

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