霍夫斯泰德文化维度理论下中美公益广告的对比研究 A Comparative Study of Chinese and American Public Service Advertising Under Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions Theory毕业论文_英语毕业论文

霍夫斯泰德文化维度理论下中美公益广告的对比研究 A Comparative Study of Chinese and American Public Service Advertising Under Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions Theory毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

广告是一种具有传播性的文化载体,其中公益广告是反映社会现实,为社会公益事业服务的非营利性广告活动,因为传播范围和传播对象广泛,对社会经济发展和文化传播有很大的影响力。公益广告的主题包含家庭、社会、教育、健康、安全等社会生活的各个方面,不仅反映了社会现象,还能体现一个社会的价值观和文化内涵。中国和美国因社会制度、历史背景、文化习俗的不同,在公益广告的发展上也有很多不同之处。

本文将以霍夫斯泰德的文化维度理论作为理论基础,从权力维度、风险维度、关系维度和性别维度四个方面,在学者现有研究的基础上,通过收集资料、查阅文献、案例分析等方法对中美公益广告进行对比研究,分析中美公益广告的差异,为本国公益广告的发展提出参考性建议。

关键词:霍夫斯泰德;文化维度理论;公益广告;对比研究;

Abstract

Advertising is the carrier of cultural communication. As a kind of advertising, public service advertising is a non-profit advertising activity that reflects social reality and serves the social welfare cause. Because of a wide range of communication, it has great influence on social and economic development and cultural communication. The theme of public service advertisements includes all aspects of family life such as family, society, education, health and safety. It not only reflects social phenomena, but also reflects the values and cultural connotations of a society. China and the United States also have many differences in the development of public service advertisements due to differences in social systems, historical backgrounds, and cultural practices.

This paper takes Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory as the theoretical basis to compare the Chinese and American public service advertising from the perspectives of power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism and collectivism, masculinity and femininity. Based on scholar’s existing research, by collecting data, consulting literature, and analyzing cases, it explores the differences between Chinese and American public service advertising and gives suggestions for the development of domestic public service advertisements.

Key words: Hofstede; Cultural Dimensions Theory; Public Service Advertising; Comparative Study

Contents

1 Introduction 1

2 Literature Review 3

2.1 Advertising and public service advertising 3

2.2 The status quo of Chinese and American public service advertising 4

3 Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions Theory 6

4 Comparative Study of Chinese and American Public Service Advertisings 8

4.1 Power distance 8

4.2 Uncertainty avoidance 10

4.3 Individualism and collectivism 12

4.4 Masculinity and femininity 13

5 Conclusion 16

References 17

Acknowledgements 19

A Comparative Study of Chinese and American Public Service Advertising Under Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions Theory

1 Introduction

Advertising is a kind of communicative cultural carrier. It not only has commercial use, but also conveys cultural concepts such as lifestyle, value orientation, and aesthetic norms. (Song, 2005) Therefore, people introduce advertising from the economic field into cultural categories, resulting in Public service advertisings.

Advertising for the economy is what public service advertising for social welfare. In order to better carry out social welfare undertakings and stimulate people’s potential from various aspects such as culture, spirit, society and environment, public service advertisements are very close to social reality and reflect general social phenomena. In addition, the theme of public service advertisements is also very profound. Only profound themes and rich content can maximize the publicity role of public service advertisements.

Public service advertising provides free services to the society because of its non-profit nature, and exert its influence more in the field of thought and culture. Chinese public service advertisements are dominated by government. The advertising theme is close to the social reality, reflecting all aspects of life, and guiding the public through a creative and artistic advertising approach to show positive and correct positions. The theme of public service advertising covers all aspects of family, society, education, health and safety, and has a profound social foundation.

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