理想与现实的冲突——浅析爱丽丝•门罗《逃离》中的成长主题The Conflict between Ideality and Reality The Analysis of the Initiation Theme in Alice Munro's Runaway毕业论文_英语毕业论文

理想与现实的冲突——浅析爱丽丝•门罗《逃离》中的成长主题The Conflict between Ideality and Reality The Analysis of the Initiation Theme in Alice Munro’s Runaway毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

爱丽丝·门罗是加拿大最具影响力的女作家之一,并于2013年获得诺贝尔文学奖。她以对普通妇女的细致入微的描绘而闻名。门罗的小说集《逃离》于2004年出版,由八篇短篇小说组成。作为这本书的第一篇短篇小说,《逃离》讲述了女主角卡拉的两次逃离。她为了理想的生活逃离了父母和丈夫,但最终还是归于丈夫,屈从于现实。到目前为止,鲜有学者研究小说《逃离》的女性成长主题,且只着眼于女主人公成长中的一两个阶段。本文系统而全面地研究了卡拉的成长路径,分析她逃离及回归的原因,进而探讨其女性思想的成长与成熟。

本文共分六章。第一章简要介绍了爱丽丝·门罗的生平和《逃离》小说集以及第一篇小说《逃离》的主要内容。第二到五章逐一分析女主人公的成长过程,包括顺从、逃离、回归与成长,这一部分详细讨论了故事中的对话和情节。最后一部分对全文进行总结,并阐述本文的局限性。本文通过对女主人公卡拉的生活的详细阐释,全方位探讨了女主人公的内心变化和精神成长。从逃离到回归的过程中,女主人公卡拉从一个天真无畏的小女孩成长为了一个心智成熟的已婚妇女,她试着去面对现实中的不幸,坚持自己的主见和判断,学会了在婚姻中和社会上寻找自己的位置。

关键词:爱丽丝·门罗;《逃离》;成长路径;女性思想

Abstract

Alice Munro is one of the most influential writers in Canada and she won the Nobel prize for literature in 2013. She is famous for her nuanced portrayal of ordinary women. Published in 2004, Munro’s masterpiece Runaway is a collection of eight short stories. As the first short story in this book, “Runaway” tells the two escapes of the heroine Carla. She flees from her parents and husband for her ideal life, but ultimately returns to her husband and succumbs to reality. Up till now, there are few of research papers on “Runaway” that emphasize the female growth, and they only study one or two stages of the heroine’s growth. This paper systematically and comprehensively explores the path of Carla’s growth, analyzing the reasons for her escapes and return so as to discuss the growth and maturity of her feminist thoughts.

The paper consists of six chapters. The first chapter gives a brief introduction to Alice Munro’s literary achievements, major features of the book Runaway and the first story “Runaway”. The following four chapters will analyze the process of the protagonist’s feminine growth, including obedience, escape, return and growth. In these parts, the dialogues and plots in the story are discussed in detail. The last chapter summarizes the whole paper and states its limitations. Through the detailed description of Carla’s real life in the story, this thesis will explore the heroine’s inner change and her mental and spiritual growth in an all-round way. In the process from escape to return, the heroine Carla grew up from an innocent and fearless little girl to a mature married woman. She gradually tried to face the misfortune in reality, stuck to her own opinions and judgments, and learned to find her proper place in marriage and society.

Key Words: Alice Munro; “Runaway”; the path of the growth; feminist thoughts

Contents

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Munro and Runaway 1

1.2 Literature Review 1

1.3 Structure of the Paper 3

2 Obedience to the Patriarchal Control 5

2.1 Obedience to Her Parents 5

2.2 Obedience to Her Husband 6

3 Escape for the Ideal Life 7

3.1 Escape from Her Parents 7

3.2 Escape from Her Husband 8

4 Return to the Dilemma of Reality 10

4.1 Reasons for Return 10

4.2 Changes for Return 11

5 Growth of the Spiritual World 12

5.1 Awakening of the Feminist Consciousness 12

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