An Analysis of Feminism in Doris Lessing’s The Fifth Child 浅析多丽丝•莱辛《第五个孩子》中的女性主义毕业论文_英语毕业论文

An Analysis of Feminism in Doris Lessing’s The Fifth Child 浅析多丽丝•莱辛《第五个孩子》中的女性主义毕业论文


摘 要




In recent years, with the deepening of the study of female consciousness in academic circles, many literary historians began to reexamine and study female writers. Naturally, we should not ignore Doris Lessing, who occupies a place in female literature and has a great influence on later generations. Although Lessing seemed reluctant to be stereotyped as a “feminist writer”, she was sympathetic to women’s issues and gave prominence to them all her life. The important subjects in Doris Lessing’s works are the dilemma faced by modern women and the way they seek their own liberation. This thesis topic begins with one of her classic works, The Fifth Child, about a couple, David and Harriet, who have been living a happy life after marriage. But the fifth child Ben, who appears out of the plan, breaks the original happiness of this seemingly complete family. The paper selects the Harriet as the core to analyze the women’s issues. From the perspective of feminism, the women’s experiences in the book may help more women know themselves better and rethink their growing process. It is meaningful for women’s future development. Also, we can have more in-depth knowledge about Doris Lessing, such as her notions about feminism or her writing features.

Key Words: Feminism; Feminine Subjectivity; The Fifth Child; Doris Lessing


1 Introduction 1

1.1 Doris Lessing and Her Works 1

1.2 Plot of The Fifth Child 2

1.3 Literature Review 3

1.4 The Significance and Layout of This Paper 4

2 Absence of The Feminine Subjectivity 5

2.1 Giving up Career 5

2.2 Superiority Feeling of Reproductive Function 5

2.3 Obedience to Patriarchal Control 6

3 Awakening of The Feminine Subjectivity 8

3.1 Resistance to Family Pressure 8

3.2 Resistance to Social Pressure 8

4 Lost of The Feminine Subjectivity 10

4.1 Returning to Mainstream concepts 10

4.2 Self-doubt for Family Disruption 10

5 Conclusion 12

5.1 Summary 12

5.2 Further Study 12

References 14

Acknowledgements 16

An Analysis of Feminism in Doris Lessing’s The Fifth Child

1 Introduction

Doris Lessing and Her Works

Doris Lessing was born on 22nd October, 1919 in Kermanshah, Peria(now Iran). Her original last name was Tayler and her parents were British. When Lessing was five years old, her father Alfred Tayler who yearned for pastoral life moved to Southern Rhodesia(now Zimbabwe) and worked in a farm with his whole family. Here she spent most of her childhood alone in a small sparsely populated town. The farm life was not so good for Lessing’s father, but it was the paradise of her fantasy.

In her early hard life in Africa, she was self-educated by reading very widely. Those nineteenth century novelists, such as Dickens, Gibbling, Stendahl, Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, became Lessing’s most important spiritual companion and laid a solid foundation for her literary career. Actually, the country where she spent the earlier part of her life plays a key role in her novels.

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