奥斯卡•王尔德小说《快乐王子》中的对话分析 An analysis of the dialogues in the novel The Happy Prince by Oscar Wilde毕业论文_英语毕业论文

奥斯卡•王尔德小说《快乐王子》中的对话分析 An analysis of the dialogues in the novel The Happy Prince by Oscar Wilde毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

作者奥斯卡王尔德将现实社会的丑陋揉进童话故事《快乐王子》中,无情批判和揭露了当时的社会。他严厉攻击了当时社会的严重两级分化,批判了社会对穷人的漠不关心,体现了当时社会的黑暗,向当时的社会发出了自己的控诉。但同时作者又通过快乐王子和雁子对世人的爱和无私奉献的精神,刻画了社会的光明面,探索了解决社会矛盾的道路选择。从这个意义上说,《快乐王子》不仅是对当时社会的批判,也是作者对社会改变的期待。本文分为五部分,第一部分对对作者王尔德及其作品进行了简单的介绍,第二三部分立足于小说中不同阶级的人物对话,透过对话向读者们展示出维多利亚时期的英国社会黑暗与美好。第四部分通过社会黑暗面与美好面的对比,凸显出王尔德批判现实主义的色彩和希望社会得到进步的乌托邦精神。第五部分对文章进行总结,再次强调王尔德对社会黑暗的控诉与社会进步的期待。

关键词: 《快乐王子》;雁子;对话分析;社会问题;社会美好

Abstract

The author, Oscar Wilde, smashes the ugly phenomena in the real society into the story The Happy Prince and ruthlessly evokes and exposes the society. He mercilessly attacked the serious polarization of the society at that time, criticized the society’s indifference to the poor, reflected the darkness of the society, and issued his own complaints about the society at that time. At the same time, through the love of the happy prince and the swallow, and their selfless dedication, Wilde depicted the bright side of the society and explored the way which leads to a society where problems can be solved? to solve the social problems. In this sense, The Happy Prince is not only Wilde’s critique of the society at that time, but also the expectation of social change. This paper is divided into five parts. The first part gives a brief introduction to the author Wilde and his works. The second and third parts are based on dialogues between different classes of characters in the novel through which the writer, together with readers jointly witnesses both dark reality and the ideal in the British society from the 19th century. The fourth part in virtue of the contradiction between the dark reality and the ideal highlights Oscar Wilde’s critical realism as well as his vision of a utopian community where social progress is witnessed. The fifth part summarizes the paper and emphasizes Wilde’s accusation of social darkness and his expectation of social progress.

Key Words: The Happy Prince; swallow; dialogues analysis; social problems; social beauties

Contents

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Wilde and His Works 1

1.2 The background of The Happy Prince 1

1.3 Literature Review 2

2 Dialogues Embodying the Social Problem 4

2.1 Social Utilitarianism 4

2.2 Social Indifference to the Poor 5

2.3 Social Polarization between the Rich and the Poor 6

3 Dialogues Embodying the Social Beauties 8

3.1 The Happy Prince’s Love for the World 8

3.2 Love between the Happy Prince and the Swallow 9

4.Social Reality and Wilde’s Expectation 11

4.1 Social Problems and Wilde’s Critical Realism 11

4.2 Social Beauties and Wilde’s Expectations for Social Improvement 12

4.3The practical significance 13

5 Conclusion 14

References 15

Acknowledgements 16

An analysis of the dialogues in the novel The Happy Prince by Oscar Wilde

1 Introduction

1.1 Wilde and his works

Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) is an advocate of British aestheticism in the 19th century. He is known as a brilliant man and a dramatist. Wilde’s greatest talents were not in fairy tales or short stories, but in novels such as the Picture of Dorian Gray, and in plays such as Lady Windermere’s Fan and Salome. He established the aestheticism based on hedonism and became the representative figure of British aestheticism.

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