On the Application of Problem-Based Learning(PBL) in English Teaching of Civilian—Run Undergraduate University Students毕业论文_英语毕业论文

On the Application of Problem-Based Learning(PBL) in English Teaching of Civilian—Run Undergraduate University Students毕业论文

2021-04-07更新

摘 要

以问题为导向的教学法作为交际教学法流派中的一支,产生于20世纪60年代。问题式教学法改变了传统以往教师为中心的授课模式,实现以学生为中心、教师辅助学生参与的教学理念。长期以来,问题式教学广泛应用于我国高等英语教学实践,如扬州大学医学院曾实施了该教学法并取得良好的效果。本文将开展以问题为导向教学模式(PBL)的实证研究。本研究的对象是南京林业大学南方学院90位学生,时长为一个学期,课程为英语写作课。最后通过问卷调查和课堂观察相结合的方法得出结论。

调查结果显示,扬州大学医学院研究得出的有关PBL应用实效的结论同样适合民办本科学生,问题式教学能提高学生英语综合水平:首先,PBL有助于提高学生的学习兴趣和积极性。其次,PBL能提高学生思辨能力,激发学生的创造性思维。第三,PBL能提高学生的协调组织能力和团队合作精神。

关键词:以问题为基础的教学法;民办本科生;构建主义理论;英语写作

Contents

  1. Introduction—————————————————————————————1
  2. Demonstration————————————————————————————1
    1. A brief introduction to Civilian-Run higher education ————————————1
    2. An introduction to Problem-based learning (PBL) —————————————-2
      1. Definition of Problem-based Learning—————————————————-2

2.2.2 Theoretical basis of PBL——————————————————————–3 2.3 Empirical study of PBL————————————————————————4

      1. Application of PBL in a Civilian—Run university————————————–4
      2. Data collection——————————————————————————-4
      3. Methods————————————————————————————–5
        1. Questionnaire——————————————————————————5
        2. Observation——————————————————————————–5
      4. Results and Discussion———————————————————————-6
    1. Countermeasures for the problems of PBL in English teaching of Private Universities————————————————————————————–8
      1. Teachers should give timely instructions to students in need————————–8
      2. Teachers should enhance the communication and cooperation with students——-9
  1. Conclusion—————————————————————————————-9

Works Cited——————————————————————————————11

Bibliography—————————————————————————————–12

Appendixes——————————————————————————————-14

On the Application of Problem-Based Learning (PBL) in English Writing of Civilian—Run Undergraduate University Students

  1. Introduction

The first independent college in China has been built for more than twenty years. Along with the deepening economic and educational system reforms, private universities have been gradually established.

Problem-Based Learning (abbreviated PBL) is developed as a new teaching model. Initially it was advanced by Professor Neurology-Barrows in the McMaster University of Canada. Ever since, PBL teaching mode has become a prevalent teaching method in the world and it is hired by a large number of domestic instructors in various fields and schools of different levels of higher education. In 1986, Shanghai Second Medical University and Xi’an Medical University first introduced PBL into their teaching. Other researchers and experts also conduct relevant studies about its effects. In 2010, through the comparison between the application of PBL and LBL (Lecture-based learning) carried out in School of medicine Institute of Yangzhou University, the instructors found that PBL teaching method can improve students’ interest and motivation in learning English. What’s more, PBL is conducive to developing creative and critical thinking, and it is also beneficial to develop the students’ communication and cooperation capabilities according to the studies done by (P. 2006).

Although PBL has been widely used in modern teaching, there are few researches carried out in private colleges about the teaching efficiency of PBL. So, in this paper, empirical study is carried out in civilian-run universities about the roles PBL plays in enhancing students’ English comprehensive proficiency and its main purpose is to investigate whether problem-based instruction could benefit the students in civilian-run colleges and universities.

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