Analysis of Relevance Theory in the Dream of Red Mansions毕业论文
- Introduction 1
- Relevance theory model 2
- Ostensive-inferential 2
- Ostensive-inferential behavior 2
- The intention of Ostensive-inferential model 3
- Contexts 4
- Ostensive-inferential 2
- Application of Relevance Theory in Text Analysis 4
- Application Value of Ostensive-inferential in Dream of the Red Mansion…4
- Application Value of Context in Dream of the Red Mansions 5
- Conclusion 6
Work Cited 8
Analysis of Relevance Theory in the Dream of Red Mansions
Morris (1938) sees pragmatics as a discipline that explores the relationship between linguistic and symbolic users. Some linguists, such as Grace (1957), Austin (1962), Lewis (1969,1979), Searle (1975,1979), analyzed the relationship between symbols from a different perspective. It is a super symbolic relationship supported by reasoning. Although they play some role in explaining communication functions, they all lack perfect consideration and can not be well accepted by people. Based on the critical absorption of their predecessors, Sperber and Wilson (1986,1995) put forward a completely new view of human communication. Relevance theory’s definition of communication, by absorbing the strong points of the definitions of communication given by the previous semiologists’ code and Grice’s inferential model, is taken as a comparatively comprehensive definition. This article analyses the communication methods between the characters from the explicitness of speaker, the reasoning of the obedient person and the context of the context. Reading is a very complicated communication process between the author and the reader, which involves psychological and cognitive communication. Reading is an effective and important way to obtain information and knowledge. Many scholars have studied reading comprehension in addition to relevance. Therefore, our aim is to apply the relevance theory of Sperber and Wilson to reading comprehension.
- Relevance theory model
Sperber and Wilson define Ostensive- Inferential (ostensive- Inferential) communication as a stimulus that makes communicators and communicators understand each other. In other words, from the speaker’s point of view, communication is an ostentate process. It means that the speaker has the intention to make something clear, and then takes some way to let the hearer have this intention. Form the perspective of hearer, communication is also a reasoning process. Inference
refers to the process that hearers take the evidence provided by the speakers as the starting point to deduce the speaker’s communication intention. It can be seen that Relevance Theory includes both the speaker and the hearer, which is a more comprehensive definition.
Cognitive context is also an important aspect. Mutual clarity is that both sides can make common cognition and inference to the facts or hypotheses in cognitive context.
According to Sperber and Wilson, Ostensible and inferential are two aspects of the communication process. From the speaker’s point of view, communication is an explicit process, in which the intention of information is clearly displayed, and from the perspective of the hearer, communication is a process of reasoning. The character dialogue is one of the important parts of the novel, and it is also very important for communication.
- Ostensive-inferential behavior
In the process of communication, the communicative person always talks about a specific thing and the audience expects the standard, according to the correlation theory. For example, Simon’s act of leaning back is an expression. If Nancy notices this kind of express behavior, she may infer: Is Simon leaning back in order to sit more comfortably? However, from a young angle of view, Nancy’s guess is not the most important. The important thing is that Simon’s behavior has focused Nancy’s attention on him. Although the signal behavior of the speaker has already conveyed some information to some extent, the effect of the speaker’s expression is always limited. Is there any meaning behind his words? What does it mean? What does that mean? The hearer needs to infer the words of the speaker. In short, reasoning is essential. The reasoning model emphasizes the importance of the hearer’s reasoning ability. The reasoning model holds that communication is the evidence provided by the speaker of the intended meaning. Based on this evidence, the speaker deduces the
process of speaker’s intention by combining the common knowledge, and the inference originates from the premise and ends with the conclusion. Based on the above understanding, relevance theory defines communication as “ostensive-inferential behavior”. It can be seen that the communicative definition of relevance theory takes into account both the speaker and the hearer, and absorbs the advantages of the definition of code-theory. It is a relatively complete and comprehensive definition of communication.
- The intention of Ostensive-inference model
Relevance Theory holds that communication generally consists of two intentions: information intention and communicative intention.
Information intention: “the communicator forms a certain stimulus in order to make the hearer understand or better understand a series of ideas”. To put it simply, it is the intention to provide the content of the communication. Relevance theory uses the term “information intention”, which can stimulate the hearer, and the purpose is to make both sides understand the meaning of communication expressed outside the intention of the message.
Example 1: I have an exam tomorrow.