An Analysis of the American Dream in The Great Gatsby毕业论文_英语毕业论文

An Analysis of the American Dream in The Great Gatsby毕业论文

2021-04-06更新

摘 要

《了不起的盖茨比》出版于1925年,是20世纪美国最优秀的小说之一。书中的主人公詹姆斯·卡兹本是北达科他州的一个贫穷的农家子弟,他的是梦想做个拥有该社会地位的人。经过一番努力,他终于成功,并更名为杰伊·盖茨比。他在一个军训营里任中尉时,爱上了南方的黛茜。可是当他戴着军功勋章在战争结束后归来时,黛茜已嫁给了一位来自芝加哥的、体格健壮、极为富有的汤姆·布坎农,盖茨比艰苦创业,由一个贫穷的军官奋斗成为百万富翁。他在长岛西端买下了一幢豪华别墅,他的府第每晚灯火通明,成群的宾客饮酒纵乐。他唯一的愿望是希望看到分别了五年的情人黛茜,当他们重逢时,盖茨比以为能重温旧梦,但久而久之,他发现黛茜远不像他梦想的人,可是这种醒悟还没多久,黛茜开车碾死了丈夫的情妇,盖茨比提黛西顶下罪名,最终被害。而黛茜最后并没有来送葬。

弗朗西斯·司科特·菲茨杰拉德是二十世纪美国最重要的作家之一,被推崇

为“爵士时代”的编年史家和桂冠诗人。其的作为菲茨杰拉德定义了1919年至1929年这十年为爵士时代。这个阶段的美国社会经济已经得到蓬勃的发展,人们的价值观随之发生了巨大的改变,人们的思想道德开始沦丧。在作品中菲茨杰拉德借人物关系的发展描述了美国梦的崛起和破灭的过程。本课题对《了不起的盖茨比》这部作品的作者以及相关历史背景进行简明阐述,并分别对盖茨比、黛西、汤姆、威尔逊夫妇等人物对美国梦的追求、美国梦的破灭及其原因进行详细的分析,以期帮助读者树立正确的价值观与世界观。

关键词:《了不起的盖茨比》, 弗·司各特·菲茨杰拉德, 美国梦

Contents

1. Introduction…………………………………………………………………….…..3

2. Demonstration…………………………………………………………………..… 4

2.1. The American Dream in the Novel The Great Gatsby…………………………………….4

2.1.1. Gatsby’s American Dream……………………………………………………………………….4

2.1.1.1. Gatsby’s Pursuit of the American Dream……………………………………………….5

2.1.1.2. The Disillusionment of Gatsby’s American Dream…………………………………..6

2.1.2. Daisy’s American Dream…………………………………………………………………………6

2.1.2.1. Daisy’s Pursuit of the American Dream…………………………………………………7

2.1.2.2. The Disillusionment of Daisy’s American Dream…………………………………….7

2.1.3. Tom’s American Dream…………………………………………………………………………..8

2.1.3.1. Tom’s Pursuit of the American Dream…………………………………………………..8

2.1.3.2. The Disillusionment of Tom’s American Dream………………………………………9

2.1.4. Wilson and His Wife’s American Dream……………………………………………………9

2.1.4.1Wilson and His Wife’s Pursuit of the American Dream……………………………..9

2.1.4.2 The Disillusionment of Wilson and His Wife’s American Dream………………10

  1. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………10

Works Cited……………………………………………………………………………..11

Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………….12

An Analysis of American Dream in The Great Gatsby

  1. Introduction

From 1920 to 1930, American literature boomed. During that golden age, batches of excellent writers emerged and outstanding works came out in an unending flow. Francis Scott Fitzgerald was a shining star in American literature circle during this period. Francis Scott Fitzgerald born on 24th September 1896 in a merchant family in St. Paul, Minnesota in the Midwest. His life was short but it was full of epic glory. His writing career was only 20 years, but he left four classical novels and 160 short articles. Those achievements made him an outstanding novelist in the 20th century literature. He is called the representative writer of “Lost Generation” by his contemporaries as well as later generations and also considered as the “Poet Laureate” in Jazz Age.

Many events from Fitzgerald’s early life appear in his most famous novel, The Great Gatsby, published in 1925.Like Fitzgerald, Nick Carraway is a thoughtful young man from Minnesota, graduated from an Ivy League school, and moves to New York after the war. Being a sensitive young man idolizing wealth and luxury and falling in love with a beautiful young girl while stationed at a military camp in the South is Jay Gatsby.

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