《麦田里的守望者》作为美国作家杰罗姆·大卫·塞林格创作的唯一一部长篇小说，首次出版于 1951 年。小说一问世就受到了公众与其他作家的热烈关注， 主人公霍尔顿对虚伪世界深恶痛绝，这一形象深受年轻人的喜爱。《麦田里的守望者》在世界各地的读者之间也反响热烈，给无数迷茫的年轻人带来了心灵的慰藉。因此，本文将从霍尔顿成长烦恼的角度重新解读《麦田里的守望者》，希望能给同样成长困惑的 90 后带来一些启示。
关键字：麦田里的守望者; 成长困惑; 中国 90 后
- J.D.Salinger and The Catcher in the Rye 1
- The implied meaning of The Catcher in the Rye 2
- Research of The Catcher in the Rye in China and abroad 2
Growing pain of Holden and his peers 3
- The rebellion and confusion of Holden 3
- The despair and disillusionment with the adult world 5
- Holden#39;s psychological course of love and self-seeking 5
Main factors leading to Holdenrsquo;s growing pain 6
- The abnormality of education at Holdenrsquo;s time 6
- The aberration of the social context 7
- The apathy of interpersonal relationship after WWII 8
A brief analysis of post-90s generationrsquo;s growing pain in China 9
- The rebellion of post-90s generation 9
- The generation gap between the post-90s and their parents 10
- The conflict between ideal and reality 11
- The illumination of The Catcher in the Rye on the post-90s 11
- Growing pain of Holden and his peers 3
- Conclusion 12
Works Cited 14
A Brief Analysis of Holden in The Catcher in the Rye and the Post-90s Generation in China
- J.D.Salinger and The Catcher in the Rye
Jerome David Salinger was an American writer, born in New York. When Salinger was 15 years old, he was admitted to a military academy and received a diploma. After he was discharged from the army in 1946, he formally engaged in literary creation. His famous novel The Catcher in the Rye was published in 1951. It is considered to be one of the classic works of American literature in the 20th century. Salinger has published only four books so far, including The Catcher in the Rye, making him the least prolific of his peers around the world. After the success of The Catcher in the Rye, Salinger became more isolated and lived in seclusion. In 2010, he died at his home on January 27th, aged 91.
Salinger limits his story to the three days that Holden Caulfield, a 16-year-old high school student, wandering from school to New York. Growing pain is the theme of this book. Holden#39;s experience and thoughts make teenagers have the same feeling, so this book is very popular among middle school students. The Catcher in the Rye is not only popular in the United States, but also loved by readers all over the world. More than 60 million copies of the book have been published in various editions around the world.
In the process of novel creation, Jerome David Salingerrsquo; s creative inspiration and his personal experience is inseparable. After reading The Catcher in the Rye. It is not difficult to find that Holden, as the main character in the story, comes from a middle- class family and shares similar experience and educational background with Salinger. As a result, Holden seems to be the shadow of Salinger, who practices what the writer may not dare and has not practiced under the author#39;s creative thinking.
Although The Catcher in the Rye is based on Salinger#39; s personal experience, it is also integrated with the lingering thought and will after his growth.
- The implied meaning of The Catcher in the Rye
Many people believe that after World War II, American society entered a period of prosperity, and the United States was gradually consolidating its hegemony over the economic depression of the 1930s. Economic growth and prosperity have stabilized the basic shape of American society, which is defined as the Golden Age of America. However, in a time of prosperity, the psychological state of the American people is quite different from the bright appearance. Compared with the pursuit of ideals and the improvement of life, the young generation of American society focuses more on extravagance and indulgence. Thus, the youth of that era were defined as Beat Generation, who was passive and confused, wondering where the future laid. The Catcher in the Rye depicts the confusion in the author#39;s heart, shows the hesitation of an era, and prompts people to recognize the real problems under the glossy appearance. The Catcher in the Rye also douses the arrogant national mood, and makes the American society gradually attach importance to the education and guidance of the youth.
- Research of The Catcher in the Rye in China and abroad
The Catcher in the Rye had attracted a lot of attention since it was published in 1951. However, from the early 1950s to the early 1960s, the true literary value of the novel was not deeply studied. Even some literary critics have questioned the value of this novel. Since the early 1980s, more literary criticism theories have emerged, which makes the academic community conduct more in-depth and detailed exploration of this novel. Many scholars have explored and analyzed this work from different perspectives. For example, some foreign scholars have studied The Catcher in the Rye in different degrees from the social, historical, religious and narrative aspects.
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