A Symbolic Study of Gender Images in To the Lighthouse毕业论文_英语毕业论文

A Symbolic Study of Gender Images in To the Lighthouse毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

20世纪英国杰出女作家弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫的代表作《到灯塔去》是一部具有浓郁象征主义色彩的小说。本文通过分析人物、实物、色彩等方面的两性意象,探讨象征主义写作手法在作品中的具体运用,进而探究男女两性不同的生活原则和精神文化以及作者追求两性之间的和谐、平衡关系的美好愿望。

关键词: 伍尔夫;象征主义;两性意象;灯塔

Contents

1. Introduction———————————————————————————-1

2. Demonstration——————————————————————————-2

2.1 Symbolic meanings of gender images in To the Lighthouse————————2

2.1.1 Images of the main characters from the perspective of gender———————-2

2.1.1.1 Mr. Ramsay—reason and rules——————————————————–2

2.1.1.2 Mrs. Ramsay—emotion and intuition————————————————3

2.1.2 Images of the scenes from the perspective of gender———————————5

2.1.2.1 The lighthouse—androgyny———————————————————–5

2.1.2.2 The window—Mrs. Ramsay’s window of soul ————————————-7

2.1.2.3 The sea—Mrs. Ramsay’s inner world————————————————8

2.1.3 Images of the colors from the perspective of gender———————————9

2.1.3.1 Red—the male—————————————————————————9

2.1.3.2 Blue and green—the female———————————————————-10

3. Conclusion———————————————————————————-11

Works Cited ————————————————————————————-12

Bibliography————————————————————————————-13

A Symbolic Study of Gender Images in To the Lighthouse

1. Introduction

Virginia Woolf (1882一1941), regarded as famous as James Joyce and John Keats, was one of the foremost female modernists of the twentieth century in English literary circle. As an eminent figure, Woolf is considered as a novelist, an essayist, a publisher, a critic and many other roles she presented. Woolf represents a historical moment when art was integrated into society, as T.S. Eliot described in his obituary for Virginia, “Without Virginia Woolf at the center of English literary culture, it would have remained formless or marginal…With the death of Virginia Woolf, a whole pattern of culture is broken” (Eliot 3).

Her most famous works include the novels Mrs Dalloway (1925), To the Lighthouse (1927) and Orlando (1928), and the book-length essay A Room of One’s Own (1929). Woolf’s works, noted for their poetic and symbolic quality and their delicacy and sensitivity of style, have lasting effect on the art of the novel. As a prominent and prolific English female writer, she left us great legacy in literature.

To the Lighthouse is one of Woolf’s representative works and is regarded as a landmark of high modernism. The novel centers on the Ramsays and their visits to the Isle of Skye in Scotland between 1910 and 1920. The household consists of Mr. Ramsay, a writer and lecturer on philosophy, Mrs. Ramsay, an imaginative woman and the reassuring spirit of the house, their 8 children, and some guests. The novel is divided into 3 parts, separately entitled “The Window,” “Time Passes,” and “The Lighthouse.” The first part deals with a summer evening before World War I. The Ramsays plan a visit to a lighthouse for the next morning. The children look forward to it with great enthusiasm. But Mr. Ramsay fears that the weather may not be fine. James, one of the younger boys, hates his father for saying so. Mrs. Ramsay consoles him that it might be fine the next day. The hopes and disappointments of the children, and the different personalities of their parents are depicted with subtlety through the recording of the characters’ psychological activities. Then the night falls, the weather makes it increasingly unlikely that the visit will take place, and the mysterious lighthouse flashes through the darkness. The second part is about what happens in the war years from 1914 to 1918, during which Mrs. Ramsay dies. So do two of her elder children. The third part is dominated by Mr. Ramsay, who is now philosophical and lonely. James finally made the symbolic trip to the lighthouse.

“Throughout the novel, action is minimal, and all the interest is concentrated on the thoughts, moods and mental impressions of the various characters.” (Liu Bingshan 408) In To the Lighthouse, Woolf adopted the literary technique of symbolism to reveal women’s experience and find an alternative to the male-dominated views of reality. In 1998, the Modern Library named To the Lighthouse No. 15 on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century. With this work, Woolf established herself as one of the leading writers of modernism. This paper focuses on the symbolic meanings of gender images —— characters, scenes and colors, and exposes the author’s pursuit of harmonious gender relationship.

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