The Fusion of Science Literature in John Donnes Poetry毕业论文_英语毕业论文

The Fusion of Science Literature in John Donnes Poetry毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

约翰·邓恩作为英国17世纪玄学派的代表,以其精妙的齐思妙喻闻名,其中最令人惊叹的就是科学意象在其诗歌中的运用。 他善于运用看似毫无相关的意象来表达他对爱情,对世界的理解。本论文通过对邓恩诗歌中所运用的天文学、数学、地理学的科学意象来探寻邓恩诗歌中科学与文学元素的交融以及其意象中所传达感情。

关键词:约翰•邓恩,科学意象,诗歌,情感

Contents

1. Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………………..1

2. Demonstration…………………………………………………………………………………………….2

2.1. The astronomic images in Donne’s poetry……………………………………………………2

2.1.1. The Sun…………………………………………………………………………………………………2

2.1.2. Trepidation of the spheres………………………………………………………………………..5

2.2. The mathematical images in Donne’s poetry…………………………………………………6

2.2.1. Numerology…………………………………………………………………………………………..6

2.2.2. The circle………………………………………………………………………………………………7

2.3. The geographical images in Donne’s poetry…………………………………………………9

2.3.1. The hemisphere………………………………………………………………………………………9

2.3.2. The map……………………………………………………………………………………………….10

  1. Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………………………..12

Works Cited…………………………………………………………………………………………………..13

Bibliography………………………………………………………………………………………………….14

The Fusion of Science and Literature in John Donne’s Poetry

1. Introduction

John Donne (1572-1631) is the forerunner of the English metaphysical poetry in the 17th century. “Metaphysical poets” is a term coined by the poet and critic Samuel Johnson to describe a loose group of English lyric poets of the 17th century, whose works were characterized by the inventive use of conceits, and by speculation about topics such as love or religion.1 Liu Bingshan points out, “Donne is a poet of peculiar conceits, having his own way of reasoning and comparison.”(Liu 117) Donne lived in the 17th century when new scientific discoveries had challenged the traditional science. Donne was educated and influenced by old science while appreciating the new science, so in his poetry, we can see the scientific images of both new science and old science. All these images are the carriers of his own emotions and an important part of his unique art as well.

John Donne is famous for his love poems, religious poems and elegies. Most of his poems are using fancy and ridiculous images which are difficult to understand and don’t follow the conventional trend and he was considered by that time to be the one who should be hanged for not following the rhythm (Haskin 9), so not until the end of the 20th century, when the current poets were in a great struggle to get rid of the romantic poetry of the 20th century, did people pay much attention to John Donne’s poetry. In 1912, The Poems of John Donne compiled by Grierson collected and organized John Donne’s works for the first time. His best-known works include: Holy Sonnets, Songs and Sonnets, the Elegies, A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning and so on.

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