Changes of Female Consciousness in Katherine Mansfield’s Short Stories毕业论文
1. Introduction 1
2. Demonstration 4
2.1 “A Cup of Tea”: Ignoring the reality 4
2.1.1 Before Change: Warm-hearted amp; Confident 4
2.1.2 After Change: Mendicant amp; Jealous 5
2.2 “Bliss”: Bewaring the reality 6
2.2.1 Before Change: Motherly amp; Hopeful 7
2.2.2 After Change: Disillusioned amp;Challenging 8
2.3 “The Garden Party”: Escaping from the reality 9
2.3.1 Before Change: Kindhearted amp; Innocent 9
2.3.2 After Change: Self-deceptive amp; Class-conscious 10
3. Conclusion 11
Works Cited 13
Changes of Female Consciousness in Katherine Mansfield’s Short Stories
Katherine Mansfield (Oct. 14, 1888- Jan. 9,1923) was a famous female writer in New Zealand. As one of the most influential writers and the founder of New Zealand Literature, Katherine Mansfield concentrated on short story writing. “Technically, Katherine Mansfield did the same in short story writing as Joyce and Woolf did in the novel.” (Gordon 50) Born in Wellington, New Zealand in 1888, Katherine Mansfield’s family was a wealthy colonial middle-class one. Her father was a successful self-made businessman. However, Mansfield received compulsory education together with the children of washerwomen, drivers, dairymen in her young age. Even though Mansfield was born in a wealthy family, she was exposed to the bottom of the society from childhood. In 1903, Mansfield and her sisters were sent to Queen’s College in London, which was an advanced institution for young women. Mansfield was especially talented in writing and had published some sketches in her school’s magazines. “London appeared to her as the living center of all artistic and intellectual life.” (Alpers 4) For Mansfield, London was the spiritual place that would make her dream of being a writer come true.
Mansfield was precocious and she always emphasized emotional life. Her principle was experiencing life in spite of costs. Mansfield’s first love was her meeting with a music teacher who was 11 years older than her. In Mansfield’s view, this romantic meeting was completely normal and healthy, but this caused large panic in her family. It became the beginning that led to Mansfield drifting apart from her family and breaking up finally. The music teacher chased Mansfield crazily, and after several weeks, they got married. However, the marriage was not out of love, Mansfield’s true love was a violinist she met at the age of 13. On the very night they met, she left without notice and followed her true love. Then Mansfield was pregnant, and she lived in Belgium and Germany. Unfortunately, Mansfield had a miscarriage and her health suffered a lot. The love Mansfield expected so much ended up, but artistic sublimation replaced frustration in her life. In 1911, In A German Pension, Mansfield’s first collection of short stories, came out. Henceforth, Mansfield made her living by many different ways and experienced several loving stories.
In 1911, Mansfield met and fell in love with John Middleton Murry, the editor of Rhythm. Finally, they got married in May, 1918. Although Murry could give her spiritual and mental peace for her artistic creation, they soon lost happiness of marriage. Many works of love and marriage reflected her complicated experiences and feelings, such as A Dill Pickle(1917), The Man without a Temperament(1921), Something Childish but Very Natural(1924). Unfortunately, Mansfield was infected with tuberculosis in her last years when her artistry has reached maturity. She lived in South France, Italy and Switzerland to find good climate for recovery from her illness. Without literary friends, her husband or family, Mansfield felt very lonely and created many excellent works about her own roots and her childhood. Bliss and Other Stories was published in 1920, which established her reputation as a famous short story writer. In 1922, The Garden Party and Other Stories came out. This period became the highest point of her literary career. On January 9, 1923, Katherine Mansfield died of a hemorrhage of the lung in France, at a tragically young age of thirty-four.