An Analysis of the Father Images in A Rose for Emily and Barn Burning毕业论文
2.1 The father image in A Rose for Emily 3
2.1.1 A dictatorial tyrant 3
2.1.2 A declined aristocrat 4
2.1.3 Father’s influence on Emily’s tragic fate 5
2.2 The father image in Barn Burning 5
2.2.1 A savage white sharecropper 5
2.2.2 A paranoid loser 6
2.2.3 Father’s influence on Sartoris’s psychological conflicts 7
2.3 Common characteristics of the two fathers 8
2.3.1 The representatives of an autocratic patriarchy 8
2.3.2 The avatars of the old South 10
2.4 The functions of the father images 11
2.4.1 Triggering conflicts between family members 11
2.4.2 Accelerating the collapse of the Old South 12
3. Conclusion 12
Works Cited 14
An Analysis of the Father Images in A Rose for Emily and Barn Burning
William Faulkner (1897-1962) is an American writer of novels, short stories, poems and occasional screenplays. The majority of his works is based in his native state of Mississippi. Faulkner is considered one of the most important writers of the Southern literature of the United States. Though his work was published as early as 1919 and mainly during the 1920s and 1930s, Faulkner was relatively unknown until he received the 1949 Nobel Prize in Literature.
The younger Faulkner was greatly influenced by the history of his family and the region in which he lived. The Faulkner family was a prominent one in the local region. Faulkner’s great grandfather was a man of great success. When he retired from the army, he became an owner of a local plantation. At the same time, he became a famous politician, writer and entrepreneur. Before William was born, Old Faulkner built the only local railway. He was called by the locals as the “old colonel” for his outstanding contribution. When William Faulkner was a child, he often heard the story of his great grandfather and was deeply impressed. He adored his great grandfather very much so that we can see the shadow of his great grandfather in his later literary creation. However, unlike his great grandfather, his father was a failed man. He often changed his jobs and could never settle down. He was regarded as a filial son by the town. William didn’t want to be like his father, but he was shorter than his peers and this made him more addicted to his fantasy of his great grandfather. In order to become the old colonel in his mind, he vowed to become a writer and began to indulge in reading literature, which laid a foundation for his later creation.
From the early 1920s to the outbreak of World War II, he published 13 novels and numerous short stories. These works build his reputation and lead him to be awarded the Nobel Prize at the age of 52. This prodigious output includes his most celebrated novels such as The Sound and the Fury (1929), As I Lay Dying (1930), Light in August (1932), and Absalom, Absalom! (1936). Faulkner is also a prolific writer of short stories. His first short story collection, These 13 (1931), includes many of his most acclaimed (and most frequently anthologized) stories, including “A Rose for Emily”, “Red Leaves”, “That Evening Sun”, and “Dry September”. Faulkner also writes two volumes of poetry which were published in small printings, The Marble Faun (1924) and A Green Bough (1933), and a collection of crime-fiction short stories Knight’s Gambit (1949).