Jane Austen’s Critical Attitudes Towards Marriage in Pride And Prejudice毕业论文_英语毕业论文

Jane Austen’s Critical Attitudes Towards Marriage in Pride And Prejudice毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

《傲慢与偏见》讲述了十八末十九世纪初生活在英国乡村的中产阶级的爱情与婚姻故事。通过描述四位待嫁女性不同的恋爱婚姻过程从而反映了作者对于理想婚姻的看法。当时的工业革命给人们带来了丰富的物质,这与改革开放后中国人的生活相似。奥斯汀通过小说告诉人们为了金钱而结婚是错误的;而结婚不考虑物质条件是愚蠢的。《傲慢与偏见》中所体现的婚姻观对物质繁荣丰富的当代婚姻选择仍有很大的现实意义。本文旨在通过分析《傲慢与偏见》中不同主人公的婚姻爱情观,探究简·奥斯汀的婚姻观对当下人们恋爱,婚姻选择的指导意义。

关键词:简· 奥斯汀;《傲慢与偏见》;婚姻;金钱;幸福

Abstract

Pride and Prejudice tells the story of love and marriage among the middle class living in the English countryside in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. By describing different love and marriage processes of four women to be married, the author reflected her views on an ideal marriage. The Industrial Revolution brought people abundant material wealth, which is similar to the life of Chinese people after the reform and opening up. Austen told people in her novel that it was wrong to marry for money; it was foolish to marry without considering material conditions. The view of marriage embodied in Pride and Prejudice still has great practical significance for the contemporary marriage choice. This thesis aims to analyze different protagonists’ attitudes towards marriage and explore the guiding significance of Austen’s views on marriage for people’s love and marriage choice at present.

Key Words: Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice, Marriage, Money, Happiness

Contents

  1. Introduction 1
  2. Demonstration 3
    1. Marriages that Austen Recommended 3
      1. The Marriage of Jane and Binley 3
      2. The Marriage of Elizabeth and Darcy 4
    2. Marriages that Austen Criticized 6
      1. The Marriage of Lydia and Wickham 6
      2. The Marriage of Charlotte and Collins 7
    3. Background of the Novel 8
      1. Background of the British Society 9
      2. Background of the Author 10
  3. Conclusion 11

Works Cited 12

Bibliography 13

Jane Austen’s Critical Attitudes Towards Marriage in

Pride And Prejudice

Introduction

Jane Austen (1775 – 1817) was an English novelist whose realistic thoughts, biting commentary and masterful use of free indirect speech and irony earned her a place as one of the most widely read and best-loved writers in English literature. She was educated primarily by her father and older brothers as well as through her own reading. The steadfast support of her family was critical to Austen’s development as a professional writer. Pride and Prejudice showed the British social life at that time by describing the marriage problem. Mr. Bingley was newly from London and fell in love with the big daughter Jane. Darcy fell in love with the second daughter Elizabeth. For some reasons Elizabeth had prejudice against Darcy, so their relationship developed slowly. After a range of interesting troubles, the misunderstanding was finally removed. With Darcy overcoming his pride and Elizabeth removing her prejudice, they got married finally.

Researchers home and abroad have paid great attention to Austen’s novels. “Present, Period, Crisis: Desynchronization and Social Cohesion in Jane Austen” was written by Paulson and Michael S in 2018. It talked about the author’s insights on social cohesion and desynchronization on the works of Jane Austen, which contributed to the research of social conditions in Austen’s times in this thesis. From the paper, we can learn about woman workers’ tiring work and dirty working environment and know that women had low social status at that time. It was the low status that made women attach more importance to money in the marriage and Austen criticized such thought. “The situation of Women Workers in British Factories during the Industrial Revolution” written by Song Yanping in 2003 also described women workers’ hard work and unequal treatment. Therefore, women hoped to marry rich men to improve their lives. However, such attitude towards marriage could not bring happiness. In 2014, Ashfaq, Samina, Khattak and Nasir Jamal published Dilemma of Class Classification in Austen’s Pride and Prejudice.” The passage mainly discussed Austen’s values, norms and regulations of her society. From the paper we can see that Austen desperately wanted to change women’s marriage view in her society and she used an introspective way to reform. She was aware of the problems that arose due to this classification of

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