A Comparative Study of English and Chinese Emotion-related Idioms from the Perspective of Conceptual Metaphor Theory毕业论文

 2021-04-02 11:04

摘 要






Acknowledgments I

Abstract II

摘要 III

  1. Introduction 1
    1. Research background 1
      1. Study abroad 1
      2. Study at home 2
    2. Significance of the study 2
    3. Structure of this thesis 3
  2. Demonstration 3
    1. Idiom and Metaphor 3
      1. Idiom 3
        1. Definitions of idioms 3
        2. Classification of idioms 4
        3. Characteristics of idioms 4
      2. Metaphor and conceptual metaphor 5
      3. Relationship between idiom and metaphor 7
    2. Similarities and differences between English and Chinese emotion-related idioms 7
      1. Anger-related idioms 8
      2. Happiness-related idioms 10
      3. Fear-related idioms 11
      4. Sadness-related idioms 12
  3. Conclusion 14

Works cited 15

Bibliography 16

A Comparative Study of English and Chinese Emotion-related Idioms from the Perspective of Conceptual Metaphor Theory


    1. Research background 1.1.1Study abroad

Idioms have long been the topic and focus of scholars in the field of linguistics. Early linguists mainly discussed the sources and functions of idioms. Among them, the representative personage is British linguist Smith. According to the sources of literal meanings of idioms, he divided idioms into several kinds related to religion, military etc.. In the early 1930s, on the basis of Structuralist linguistics, linguists gradually began to analyze the lexical structures, syntactic functions and semantic features of idioms. After the 1950s, linguists began to study the deep structure of idioms by using the theory of Transformative-generative grammar. In the 1980s, cognitive linguistics emerged. And linguists wanted to study idioms from this new perspective. They tried to find out the connections between idioms and human


Conceptual Metaphor Theory was proposed by Lakoff and Johnson (1980:3) in their book Metaphors We Live BY. They believe that metaphor is not only a rhetorical device in literary works, but also an important way of human thinking mode, participating in the whole process of human cognition. Lakoff and Johnson (1980:3) argue that “metaphor is pervasive in everyday life, not just in language but in thought and action. Our ordinary conceptual system, in terms of which we both think and act, is fundamentally metaphorical in nature.” Based on the Conceptual Metaphor Theory, the understanding of metaphor involves the source domain and the target domain. Metaphor is a mapping from a source domain to a target domain. Through the mapping, knowledge in the source domain is mapped onto target domain, so metaphor can help us to understand unfamiliar concepts in the target

domain through familiar ones in the source domain.

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