王尔德写作中的同性恋影响 The Influence of Homosexuality on Oscar Wildes Writing.毕业论文
Researches on Oscar Wilde have always been hotpots in the circles of Western literature. In particular, the contradiction of his spiritual world conveyed in his works has drawn much attention. There are some major research orientations on his works. For instance, the analysis of the religious archetype of the characters in the novels reveals the profound implications of aestheticism and Oscar Wilde’s religious conception. Some scholars try to reach out for his inner emotion from the perspective of death. Besides, some dig into his sustained pursuit of the beauty of art. However, few researches delve into Oscar Wilde’s works from the standpoint of homosexuality. Even though some scholars try to explore the direction, the negative influence of homosexuality on Oscar Wilde makes up most of the page. In my view, prejudice and biased interpretation do no good to the overall study of Oscar Wilde. Homosexuality is one of the essential ingredients for his creation.
This paper is dedicated to discuss about the influence of homosexuality on Oscar Wilde’s writing. It is composed of four parts. The first part is mainly about Oscar Wilde’s growing environment that probably contributes to homosexuality according to Freud’s concept in Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality; the second part will demonstrate and analyze some of his works that imply homosexuality. For example, the homosexual tendency of the talented painter Basil Hallward was manifested in The Picture of Dorian Gray. Besides, The Portrait of Mr. W. H.and The Happy Prince and Other Tales will also be given further analysis; in the third part, the influence of homosexuality on Wilde’s writing themes shall be presented; at the end of the paper, the author concludes that homosexuality conduces to Wilde’s success in writing.
Key words: Oscar Wilde; homosexuality; death; forgiveness
1 Introduction 1
2 Subjective and Objective Factors in the Development of Wilde’s Homosexuality 3
3 Homosexuality Implied in Wilde’s Works 6
3.1 The Happy Prince and Other Tales—A Vague Description of Homosexuality 6
3.2 The Portrait of Mr. W. H.—A Tentative Statement about Homosexuality 9
3.3 The Picture of Dorian Gray—A Direct Expression of Homosexuality 11
4 The Influence of Homosexuality on the Writing Themes 14
5 Conclusion 16