泰戈尔《飞鸟集》的生态视角解读 An ecological perspective of Tagores Stray Bird毕业论文
关键词：《飞鸟集》; 生态观; 泰戈尔
Stray Birds, which collects 325 short poems, was written in 1913 and completed in 1916. Most of its contents were written when Tagore was living in Japan. He showed his love for the nature and his thinking for life. Stray Birds is not only a collection of poems but also a collection of melodious songs and a collection of compliments for the nature and life. This thesis is going to analyze Tagore’s ecological views in Stray Birds. The first part is an introduction. The second part focuses on the influence of Tagore’s life experience on his ecological view. In the third part, Tagore’s ecological viewpoint will be discussed systematically. The third part will be divided into two small parts. The first small part is an analysis of images in Stray Birds. From these images readers can feel Tagore’s ecological viewpoints toward the relationship between human beings and the nature. In the second small part, the relationship between pantheism and Tagore’s ecological viewpoints, the relationship between the god and the nature in Stray Birds will be discussed. The forth part is the conclusion. Every poem in Stray Birds is full of meanings. They are deserved to be read and enjoyed.
Key Words: Stray Birds, ecological view, Tagore
1 Introduction 1
2 Background information 1
2.1 Background of writing Stray Birds 1
2.2 Tagore’s life experience 2
2.3 Stray Birds 3
3 Tagore’s Stray Birds from ecological perspective 4
3.1 Images in Stray Birds from ecological perspective 4
3.1.1 Animals and plants 4
3.1.2 Landscapes and other natural things 4
3.2 Tagore’s ecological viewpoints 7
3.2.1 Pantheism and Tagore’s ecological viewpoints 7
3.2.2 The god in Stray Birds 7
3.2.3 Tagore’s ecological viewpoints on nature 8
4 Conclusion 11
An ecological perspective of Tagore’s Stray Birds
What is the rule in nature? How does the ecological system work in nature? What’s the position of human beings in nature? This is what ecological views talk about. And the third question is the most important one among these three questions in ecological views. In Stray Birds Tagore made many images about animals, plants and landscapes. These images not only show his love for the nature but also show his thinking about the nature and the world. Readers can find his ecological view from this collection of poems. Studying his ecological view can not only make us get a deeper understanding about Stray Birds but can also give modern people some advises about how to treat with the nature and find a balance between human beings and the nature.
2 Background information
2.1 Background of writing Stray Birds
Tagore had many great literary works. His works are different from western literature in which Indian culture and thinking can be found in them. In Stray Birds he mixed western and eastern culture together. All poems are wrought in English but the thinking in it is eastern style. He wrought it after his coming back from Japan. He said these short poems are influenced by Japanese haiku which is short in structure. He wrought Stray Birds totally in English. When he began his writing, he wrought in Bengali, then, in English. A large part in Stray Birds comes from his another collection of poems Kanika which was wrought in Bengali. It is said that if these poems are read in Bengali, they will be more rhythmical. It is a pity that readers can’t enjoy this either in English version or Chinese version. Readers can feel the influence of Indian culture to him in this collection of poems. The phrase”stray birds” has meaning of being lost and wandering. In first two poems of Stray Birds, Tagore gives the main ideal of this collection of poems.
Stray Birds of summer come to my window to sing and fly away.
And yellow leaves of autumn, which have no songs,
flutter and fall there with a sign. (the first one)