Retribution of Karma Samsara：“The Kite Runner”业报轮回 《追风筝的人》毕业论文
Buddhist view can be found in literary works, and is a part of the plot to develop the story; therefore, Buddhist view is quite helpful to understand literary works. This paper about The Kite Runner elaborates from three aspects: Amir’s bad deed, his retribution and behavior of self-redemption. For the first part, Amir did something bad to his friend Hassan in an early age; it is Amir’s action that causes his bad deed. Because of his cowardice, Amir did not step forward bravely and protect Hassan when Hassan was raped, and Amir chased Hassan and his father away by framing up. It is his bad deed. For the second part, because of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Amir went to the US with his father, and as the time goes by, he became a writer and got married with General Taheri’s daughter Soraya, and they tried to have children, but not successful. Therefore, if one does bad things, one will suffer painful results now and in the hereafter. This is a punishment for him, his retribution. For the third part, although he deteriorates in the terrible environment and does all kinds of bad deeds, finally he realizes that; he tried his best to get his soul redeemed and find “a way to be good again”. So his self-redemption is discussed in more details. All in all, through the Buddhist view of karma samsara, the paper analyzes the retribution of karma samsara in The Kite Runner, the fusion process between karma, self-redemption, and retribution for good and evil, and then re-examines redemption of humanity.
Key Words: The Kite Runner; karma samsara; self- redemption
1 Introduction 1
2 Bad karma in Amir 4
2.1 Akushala in Human Nature 4
2.2 Amir’s Karma 5
3 Amir’s Retribution 8
3.1 Vipaka in Physical Body 8
3.2 Retribution in Amir 9
4 Amir’s Voyage of Redemption 11
4.1 Redemption in Bodiless Soul 11
4.2 Amir’s Redemption 13
5 Conclusion 15
Retribution of Karma Samsara:
The Kite Runner
Khaled Hosseini is an Afghan-born novelist in America. In three novels with his homeland as the background, The Kite Runner is the most influential. He changed his job from physician to author when the first novel became well-known. The Kite Runner published by Riverhead Books in 2003 became the bestseller and beloved novel. And it is sold in at least 70 countries and remained for nearly two years on the The New York Times Best Seller list. In May 2007, his second novel, A Thousand Splendid Suns was a Times Best Seller for nearly two years, and debuted at number one on The New York Times bestseller list, remaining in that spot for several months. The Mountains Echoed followed the success of the first two novels and became the bestseller.
Because of his distinctive life experience, he has a special feeling for Afghanistan. When Soviet invaded Afghanistan, Hosseini was taken by his father to leave for the United States, and became the local citizen. Memory of childhood left a deep impression on him. He returned to Afghanistan when he was 36, and it is a strange feeling for him in his own homeland. Therefore, the idea to write a novel came to his mind: ancient culture and miserable situation of people in Afghanistan need to be known by the outside world.