毁灭还是救赎——《权利与荣耀》中的精神危机Ruined or Saved — Spiritual Crisis of Human in The Power and The Glory毕业论文
Graham Greene, an English novelist, playwright and literary critic, is hailed as one of the greatest writers of the 20th century. His works combine the popularity with seriousness dynamically, and therefore have received highly welcome and evaluation from writers and critics at home and abroad. In 1986, he was awarded the Britain Order of Merit by the Monarchy of the United Kingdom. As one of his Tetralogy of Religion, The Power and The Glory is considered as the least Anglicized novel for him.
The Power and The Glory, filled with profound human connotations, describes a Whisky priest struggling against the lieutenant under the circumstance of Catholicism being suppressed by the government, in which the Whisky priest and the lieutenant are confronted with different spiritual crises. Their choices predestine their fates to be saved or ruined.
On the basis of the spiritual crises of the Whisky priest and the lieutenant, this thesis studies their tortuous psychological development and unprecedented struggle, exploring their unknown inner world in depth and digging the complicated reasons behind it. Meanwhile, such kind of spiritual crisis is also a kind of reflection in realistic life, which is exceedingly prevalent in social existence no matter whether in Mexico nearly a century ago or contemporary society. Hence, with its profound connotation of humanity, this thesis is expected to provide significant enlightenment and references for people who lack their faith or lose themselves.
Key Words: spiritual crisis, self-salvation, self-destruction, the Whisky priest, the lieutenant
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Graham Greene 1
1.2 The Power and The Glory 2
1.3 Critical Reviews of The Power and The Glory at Home and Abroad 2
2 The Whisky Priest: Saved or Ruined 4
2.1 Uncertainty between Dauntlessness and Timidness 4
2.2 Bewilderment between Holiness and Evilness 5
2.3 Dilemma between Self-destruction and Self-salvation 6
3 The Noble Lieutenant: Saved or Ruined 8
3.1 Uncertainty between Publicity and Individuality 8
3.2 Bewilderment between Faith and Glory 9
4 Causes of the Spiritual Crisis of the Public 11
4.1 Deep-rooted Catholicism 11
4.2 Sever Suppression of Government 12
5 Conclusion 14
Ruined or Saved—Spiritual Crisis of Human in The Power and The Glory
1.1 Graham Greene
The distinguished novelist, Graham Greene, is lauded as a historical monument suiting both refined and popular tastes in modern and contemporary English literature. As one of the most influential writers in the 20th century, Graham Greene experienced a legendary and adventurous life. Owing to his abundant works and profound influence, Graham Greene was granted with the highest honor—the Master Award by the Mystery Writers of America in 1976. The celebrated British novelist William Golding pointed that Graham Greene was the most brilliant portrayer of consciousness on humanity and impending doom in the 20th century (Wright, 2011). In addition, he was also nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature for more than 20 times. Unluckily, he never won it for a variety of reasons. However, it cannot diminish his far-reaching and ever-lasting impact in the history of literature (Graham, 1986).