毁灭还是救赎——《权利与荣耀》中的精神危机Ruined or Saved --- Spiritual Crisis of Human in The Power and The Glory毕业论文_英语毕业论文

毁灭还是救赎——《权利与荣耀》中的精神危机Ruined or Saved — Spiritual Crisis of Human in The Power and The Glory毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

格雷厄姆·格林,英国小说家、剧作家和文学评论家,被誉为20世纪最伟大的作家之一。他的作品能够将文学的通俗性和严肃性有机地结合在一起,因而广受读者和批评家的欢迎和好评,于1986年被英国君主授予英国功勋章。作为宗教四部曲之一,《权力与荣耀》被称为格雷厄姆·格林最不英国的一部小说。

《权力与荣耀》具有深刻的人性内涵,讲述了一个威士忌神父在天主教被镇压的背景下,与中尉斗争的过程。神父和中尉都面临着各自不同的精神危机,无论是出于什么目的,他们的选择注定了各自的命运是救赎还是毁灭。

本文主要以威士忌神父和中尉的精神危机为两条主线,研究他们精神世界的曲折发展和空前危机,深入探讨他们内心的未知世界,挖掘在其背后的复杂原因。同时这种精神危机也是现实生活的反映,无论是在近百年前的墨西哥还是现代社会,都是相当普遍的社会存在。因此它具有深刻的人性内涵,对现代人们普遍的缺乏信仰、迷失自我具有重要的启迪和借鉴意义。

关键词: 精神危机;自我救赎;自我毁灭;威士忌神父;中尉

Abstract

Graham Greene, an English novelist, playwright and literary critic, is hailed as one of the greatest writers of the 20th century. His works combine the popularity with seriousness dynamically, and therefore have received highly welcome and evaluation from writers and critics at home and abroad. In 1986, he was awarded the Britain Order of Merit by the Monarchy of the United Kingdom. As one of his Tetralogy of Religion, The Power and The Glory is considered as the least Anglicized novel for him.

The Power and The Glory, filled with profound human connotations, describes a Whisky priest struggling against the lieutenant under the circumstance of Catholicism being suppressed by the government, in which the Whisky priest and the lieutenant are confronted with different spiritual crises. Their choices predestine their fates to be saved or ruined.

On the basis of the spiritual crises of the Whisky priest and the lieutenant, this thesis studies their tortuous psychological development and unprecedented struggle, exploring their unknown inner world in depth and digging the complicated reasons behind it. Meanwhile, such kind of spiritual crisis is also a kind of reflection in realistic life, which is exceedingly prevalent in social existence no matter whether in Mexico nearly a century ago or contemporary society. Hence, with its profound connotation of humanity, this thesis is expected to provide significant enlightenment and references for people who lack their faith or lose themselves.

Key Words: spiritual crisis, self-salvation, self-destruction, the Whisky priest, the lieutenant

Contents

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Graham Greene 1

1.2 The Power and The Glory 2

1.3 Critical Reviews of The Power and The Glory at Home and Abroad 2

2 The Whisky Priest: Saved or Ruined 4

2.1 Uncertainty between Dauntlessness and Timidness 4

2.2 Bewilderment between Holiness and Evilness 5

2.3 Dilemma between Self-destruction and Self-salvation 6

3 The Noble Lieutenant: Saved or Ruined 8

3.1 Uncertainty between Publicity and Individuality 8

3.2 Bewilderment between Faith and Glory 9

4 Causes of the Spiritual Crisis of the Public 11

4.1 Deep-rooted Catholicism 11

4.2 Sever Suppression of Government 12

5 Conclusion 14

References 16

Acknowledgments 18

Ruined or Saved—Spiritual Crisis of Human in The Power and The Glory

1 Introduction

1.1 Graham Greene

The distinguished novelist, Graham Greene, is lauded as a historical monument suiting both refined and popular tastes in modern and contemporary English literature. As one of the most influential writers in the 20th century, Graham Greene experienced a legendary and adventurous life. Owing to his abundant works and profound influence, Graham Greene was granted with the highest honor—the Master Award by the Mystery Writers of America in 1976. The celebrated British novelist William Golding pointed that Graham Greene was the most brilliant portrayer of consciousness on humanity and impending doom in the 20th century (Wright, 2011). In addition, he was also nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature for more than 20 times. Unluckily, he never won it for a variety of reasons. However, it cannot diminish his far-reaching and ever-lasting impact in the history of literature (Graham, 1986).

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