从生态女权主义视角重读《金色笔记》 An Ecofeminist Perspective The Golden Notebook毕业论文_英语毕业论文

从生态女权主义视角重读《金色笔记》 An Ecofeminist Perspective The Golden Notebook毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

西方哲学中的二元对立如男性与女性、文明与野蛮、人类与自然等,贬低女性与大自然的地位,宣扬父权制文化以及人类中心主义思想。这种对女性,对自然的压迫和剥削却正是生态女性主义所批判的。生态女性主义所倡导的是不同性别、不同肤色的种族、人与自然的和谐共生。同时女性作家也偏向于关注女性在政治、文化、经济等等各个领域中的权益与地位。本文旨在运用生态女性主义的思想解读多丽丝﹒莱辛的作品《金色笔记》,重点阐释男女两性完美相处,人与自然和谐共处的憧憬。本文分为五个部分:第一部将对作者、作品的内容和创作背景、生态女性主义以及国内研究现状进行阐述;第二部分通过挖掘书中细节展示女性、黑人、穷苦人民以及大自然的困境;第三部将挖掘出造成这种种困境的原因,即父权制所造成的不平等的男性社会等;第四部分,根据找出的原因,提出解决这些困难境地的方法,男女两性相辅相成,和谐的共处才是解决不平等的方法,而与女性息息相通的自然也应得到人们的善待;最后一部分对本文进行总结,并且阐述本文的研究价值与研究意义。

关键词:金色笔记;生态女性主义;父权制文化;人类中心主义;和谐共生

The dichotomies such as male and female, civilization and barbarization, human and nature, etc, which are dominant in western philosophy, demean woman, nature, and advocate patriarchy culture and anthropocentrism. Nevertheless, it is this oppression and exploitation subjected to woman and nature that is criticized by ecofeminism. What is initiated by ecofeminism is that the harmony between different gender, different races, man and nature, etc. Meanwhile, ecofeminism is inclined to pay close attention to female status, rights and interests in the aspect of politics, economy, and culture etc. The thesis applies the perspective of ecofeminism to analyze Doris Lessing’s master work The Golden Notebook, expounding intensively on the harmonious relationship between male and female, as well as nature and human beings. It generally falls into five parts. The first part is introduction of the author Doris Lessing, content and background information of The Golden Notebook, the theory of ecofeminism, as well as the research status of this book; the following chapter tries to use the details of The Golden Notebook such as the communications between different characters, environmental description and so on to show the dilemma of woman, black people, the poor and nature; in the third part, the thesis tries to explore the origin of this dilemma. That is, patriarchy system causes unequally androcentric society; the fourth part brings forward the corresponding solutions to solve the bitter circumstances according to the identified reasons. Male and female should be supplementary to each other and coexist harmoniously. In the meantime, nature which is closely bound up with woman should be treated well by human; the last part is the conclusion about the ecofeminism study of The Golden Notebook, and also comes up with the value and significance of this thesis.

Key Words: The Golden Notebook; ecofeminism; patriarchy culture; anthropocentrism; harmony

  1. Introduction 1
    1. Doris Lessing 1
    2. The Golden Notebook 2
    3. Ecofeminism 3
    4. Research Stauts and Significance of the Thesis 4
  2. The Predicament of Oppressed Objects 6
    1. The Dilemma of Woman 6
    2. The Dilemma of Poor People 7
    3. The Dilemma of Black People 8
    4. The Dilemma of Nature 10
  3. The Origin of Predicament 11
    1. Patriarchy 11
    2. Hierarchy 11
    3. Racism 12
    4. Anthropocentrism 12
  4. The Method Out of Predicament 14
    1. Male and Female: Androgyny 14
    2. Mankind and Nature: Harmonious Co-existence 15
  5. Conclusion 17

References 18

Acknowledgements 20

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