《德伯家的苔丝》中苔丝悲剧成因的研究An Analysis of the Causes of Tesss Tragedy in Tess of the DUrbervilles毕业论文_英语毕业论文

《德伯家的苔丝》中苔丝悲剧成因的研究An Analysis of the Causes of Tesss Tragedy in Tess of the DUrbervilles毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

托马斯·哈代是英国杰出的诗人及小说家,其作品极大地影响了后世对当时社会的思考及态度。其作品中多次出现新女性的形象,尤其以《德伯家的苔丝》中苔丝的形象为典型。《德伯家的苔丝》描述了一个普通农家女苔丝曲折的一生。

本文主要分析《德伯家的苔丝》中苔丝悲剧的成因。本论文分为两部分。第一部分,从苔丝的个人性格和超前思想揭示苔丝的悲剧成因。其自身性格的服从、自卑、不被接受的超前思想一步步将苔丝推入哈代预设好的悲剧中。第二部分,从三个方面分析《德伯家的苔丝》的悲剧色彩,一是资本主义的入侵和社会的改变使单纯善良的苔丝成为异类;二是苔丝悲剧的不可避免性——苔丝是当时社会的独行者,她的善良、坚强、不屈对当时的社会而言是挑战,因此她被社会抛弃并且毁灭;三是社会的歧视——苔丝的一切都因为失贞而变得廉价,振作并没有唤起社会对她的怜惜。

本文旨在通过对《德伯家的苔丝》中苔丝悲剧成因的研究,揭示维多利亚时期社会的黑暗、不公和伪善以及底层人民的苦难,用苔丝的悲剧警示后世。

关键词: 悲剧;成因;德伯家的苔丝

Abstract

Thomas Hardy is a famous poet and novelist in England. His work has a significant influence on the way people think about the Victorian Age. He puts forward a new concept, “New Woman”, in Tess of d’Urbervilles. Tess is an ordinary girl with a tough life.

This paper focuses on Tess’s tragedy to show the causes in Tess of d’Urbervilles. It is divided into two parts. In the first part, the paper explains the internal causes of Tess’s tragedy in two aspects: Tess’s natural instincts and her advanced ideas. The obedience and self-abasement of Tess, the advanced ideas of Tess all force Tess to drop into the tragedy abyss Hardy prepared step by step. The second part analyzes the external causes of Tess’s tragedy in three aspects. The first aspect is the invasion of capitalism. Tess does not adapt to the transformation of society. The second one is the inevitability of Tess’s tragic fate. Tess’s brave, innocent and undefeated personality is a challenge to the society in that period. As a result, she is destroyed. The third one is the discrimination of society. After she was stained by Alec, nobody appeals justice for her. Tess’s undefeated personality does not arouse the sympathy of public. On the contrary, Tess is banished by the public and ends up with tragic death. The discrimination against women cannot approve the existence of new woman.

The paper aims at exposing the darkness, unfairness and hypocrisy of the society in the Victorian Age, and warning the present society by the tragedy of Tess.

Key Words: tragedy; causes; Tess of d’Urbervilles

Contents

1 Introduction 1

1.1 The Introduction of Thomas Hardy and Tess of the d’Urbervilles 1

1.2 Literature Review 2

2 The Internal Causes of Tess’s Tragedy 4

2.1 The Natural Instincts of Tess 4

2.2 The Advanced Ideas about Female of Tess 5

3 The External Causes of Tess’s Tragedy 7

3.1 The Invasion of Capitalism 7

3.2 The Inevitability of Fate 10

3.3 The Discrimination of Society 13

4 Conclusion 14

4.1 Summary 14

4.2 The Limitation and Further Research 14

References 15

Acknowledgements 16

The Causes of Tess’s Tragedy in

Tess of the D’Urbervilles

1 Introduction

1.1 The Introduction of Thomas Hardy and Tess of the d’Urbervilles

Thomas Hardy, born in June 1840 in England, is a novelist and poet. Hardy published numerous poems in his entire life, and his first poetry collection came out in 1898. In the very beginning, he was famous for his novel and welcomed as a writer. The famous novels having been heard for many times include The Mayor of Casterbridge (1886), Tess of the D’Urbervilles (1891), and Jude the Obscure (1895). Although Hardy was a fruitful poet, his poems were not identified in his time. It was rediscovered until 1950s. Furthermore, Hardy’s poetry had a remarkable impact in the 1950s.

Being a realist in the Victorian Age, Hardy uncovered the social restraint on the Englishmen who were living in the Victorian Age, and criticized the beliefs they were holding, such as some views towards marriage and religion, which limited people’s lives and caused their unhappiness.

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