论美国电影中的个人英雄主义On the Individualistic Heroism in American Movies毕业论文_英语毕业论文

论美国电影中的个人英雄主义On the Individualistic Heroism in American Movies毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

随着大众传媒的发展,电影逐渐成为了人们生活中不可或缺的一部分。作为文化价值观的载体,电影对青少年文化价值观的形成具有重要的影响,而在诸多电影中,尤以美国电影最具影响力。美国人推崇个人主义,尤其是包含美国文化和价值观的个人英雄主义,因此在美国电影中,个人英雄主义成为了一个永恒的主题。近年来,诸如《钢铁侠》,《美国队长》之类的个人英雄主义电影层出不穷。本文旨在通过对英雄电影的研究全面解析美国个人英雄主义的内涵,分析个人英雄主义在电影中的体现和社会影响。此外,本文客观评价个人英雄主义与当今社会价值观的异同,肯定个人英雄主义对当今社会的积极影响。

关键词:美国电影;个人英雄主义;文化价值观

Abstract

With the popularization of mass media, movie becomes an integral part of our lives. Movies, the carrier of cultural values, have huge influence on the formation of the values of teenagers. Apparently, American culture becomes the most influential one in the world, so does its movies. What’s more, American culture and values highly praise individualism, especially Individualistic Heroism. Thus, in American movies, the Individualistic Heroism has become an eternal theme which deeply impacts people in different countries. In last 80 years, Individualistic Heroism Movies bloom endlessly, and the representative movies become household names, such as Iron Man, Captain America, Air Force One, Saving Private Ryan and so on. This paper depicts the prototype in such Individualistic Heroism Movies, which aims to evaluate Individualistic Heroism of American value and tries to conclude the cultural influence of the Heroism movies. The paper also compares the impacts of Individualistic Heroism on Contemporary Chinese culture, like the similarities and differences of two cultures, especially the significance of positive effects of Individualistic Heroism in broadcasting.

Key Words: American Movies; Individualistic Heroism; Cultural Values

Contents

1 Introduction 1

2 Individualistic Heroism in America 3

2.1 The Origin of Individualistic Heroism 3

2.2 The Status of Individualistic Heroism 4

2.3 The Characteristics of Individualistic Heroism 4

2.3.1 Freedom is Eternal Pursuit 4

2.3.2 Braveness is Natural Instinct 5

2.3.3 Enemy Makes Hero 5

2.3.4 Female Sets off Hero 6

3 Heroes in American Individualistic Heroism Movies 7

3.1 The development of Individualistic Heroism Movies 7

3.2 The Embodiment of Individualistic Heroism Movies 8

3.2.1 In Western Movies 8

3.2.2 In War Movies 8

3.2.3 In Science Fiction Movies 9

3.2.4 In Disaster Movies 9

3.3 Different Types of Heroes 10

3.3.1 Super Hero 10

3.3.2 Civilian Hero 10

3.4 The Common Features of Heroes 11

3.4.1 Strong Body and Machismo 11

3.4.2 Charming Personality and Self-redemption 11

3.4.3 Defeating Setback and Approaching Success 11

4 Opinions on Individualistic Heroism Movies 13

4.1 The Role of Individualistic Heroism Movies 13

4.2 The Defects of Individualistic Heroism Movies 13

4.3 The Trend of Individualistic Heroism Movies 13

5 Conclusion 15

References 16

Acknowledgements 17

On the Individualistic Heroism in American Movies

1 Introduction

As a significant part of American culture, Individualistic Heroism plays an important role in the formation of American values. As the carrier of cultural values, movie plays an important role in the spread of Individualistic Heroism. In recent years, Individualistic Heroism Movies emerge endlessly, and the representative works are familiar to us, such as Iron Man, Captain America, The Shawshank Redemption, Schindler’s List, Saving Private Ryan and so on. With the popularity of various heroes, Individualistic Heroism receives intensive attention. On the one hand, it advocates freedom, independence, justice and so on. While on the other hand, there are serious conflicts between chasing freedom and obeying social order in the events of Heroism. Therefore, how to achieve balance between Individualistic Heroism and obeying social order is a controversial issue.

Individualistic Heroism is closely linked to the history of America. Firstly, the founding of America comes from struggle of people (Hu, 2014). Later, the ideology of equality announced in Declaration of Independence forms fundamental faith of American which emphasizes the importance of individualism — all people are equal. Because the independence is valued, Americans believe freedom including the opportunity for prosperity and success could be achieved through hard work. During the pursuit of happiness, individuals may encounter difficulties, worries and fears so they need heroes to save them or lead them to break barriers, thus Individual Heroism is born at the right moment. There are many symbolic works of Individualistic Heroism. The Stagecoach created the hero Ringo Kid, the series of 007 movies created the hero James Bond. This kind of movies created heroes of saving others. Moreover, there are many self-redemption heroes. The Shawshank Redemption created the self-redemption hero Shawshank, the movie Forrest Gun created the hero Forrest Gun. In recent years, there are lots of superhero movies, such as Iron Man, Captain America and so on. In some ways, these movies do have some positive impacts. Influenced by them, we keep pursuing the truth, the good and the beautiful, being yearning for justice, dignity, peace, freedom and so on. However, the values that revealed by these movies are too American (Liu, 2014). Strong body, outstanding intelligence, exceptional will, it seems that the heroes are beyond ordinary people. In addition, in these movies, the heroes disobey social order but push individual freedom forward, which makes the conflicts between fiction and reality. However, despite the conflicts, America just seeks cultural identification through exporting its movies to solid supremacy. Furthermore, the unilateralism in diplomacy and absolute advantage in military are all the reflection of American Individualistic Heroism (Qi, 2009).

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