During the period of social transformation, social circumstance is dissimilar from the past days. Advanced culture and concepts emerge in people’s daily life, while young generation always have strong self-awareness and rebel at the outdated thoughts, trying to find an exit of self-awareness, even being against the social common moral values. American short story Aamp;P was created by John Updike in the 1960s when American was in the period of social transformation. New thoughts influenced the protagonist Sammy as the representative of the younger generation, resulting in the conflicts between the young generation and traditional social moral values.
This paper takes Aamp;P as an example to study the collision between youth self-awareness and social moral values from the perspective of social transformation, aiming at providing a new angle of view to study the novel Aamp;P, as well as giving the beneficial reference and enlightenment to youth development. It includes five chapters. The first chapter gives a brief introduction to John Updike and the main plot of Aamp;P, explains the youth self-awareness, social moral values and the related concepts. The second chapter explores the causes of the collision in the aspect of individual needs vs. social demands and the idealism vs. realism from the perspective of social transformation. The third chapter analyzes the manifestation of the collision in Aamp;P, including the ideological collisions and the behavioral collisions. The fourth chapter illustrates the result of the collision, as well as puts forward some practical suggestions for the youth. The last chapter is a summary.
Key Words: Aamp;P; Social Transformation; Youth Self-awareness; Social moral values
1 Introduction 1
1.1 John Updike and Aamp;P 1
1.2Youth self-awareness and social moral values 2
1.3 Literature review 3
2 The Causes of the Collision 5
2.1 Social transformation 5
2.2 Individual needs vs. society’s demands 6
2.3 Idealism vs. realism 7
3 The Manifestations of The Collision in Aamp;P 9
3.1 The ideological collisions 9
3.2 The behavioral collisions 10
4 The Result of The Collision 13
5 Conclusion 15
The Collision between Youth Self-awareness and Social Moral Values from the Perspective of Social Transformation: A Case Study of A amp; P
John Updike and Aamp;P
John Updike was one of the most famous and the greatest American writers in the 20th century. He was born in Shillington, Pennsylvania, graduated from Harvard and then joined the staff of the New Yorker and served the magazine in a number of capacities until 1957; he continues to contribute verse, reviews, and fiction to its pages. Updike published more than twenty novels, as well as other literary output including poetry, short-story collections, art and literary criticism during his career. His most famous work is his “Rabbit” series (the novels Rabbit, Run(1960); Rabbit Redux(1971); Rabbit Is Rich(1981); Rabbit at Rest(1990); and the novella Rabbit Remembered). His stories have been collected in Pigeon Feathers and Other Stories(1962), The Music School(1966), Problem and Other Stories(1979).
His works mainly pertain to society, life, sex and religion, revealing the subtle and complicated relationships between human and society. Updike always notices the educational function of his works deliberately or inadvertently. His articles have exquisite depictions of the character's inner world and the external environment, precise phrases and exact revelation of the subject as well. His basic view is the case that the process of writing is also a process of education. (Gao, 2002:69-71). Each of his novel’s central theme is a difficult moral question, and a debate on morality with his readers, including his most popular short story--Aamp;P.
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