美国黑人族裔民族文化身份及文化传统研究——以托尼莫里森的《所罗门之歌》为例 On the Ethnic Cultural Identity and Cultural Tradition of African American A Case Study of Song of Solomon by Tony Morrison毕业论文
As the first African American female writer who won the Noble Prize in 1993, Toni Morrison contributes significantly to the progress of American literature. Based on African culture, Toni Morrison pays special attention to the future of African American. The main character of Song of Solomon is the son of Malcom Dead, a middle-class African American, who heads to the north in search of treasure and finally has found his root. Through his experience, Toni Morrison depicts the real mature of a black man. This paper contains 5 chapters. Firstly, it summarizes and analyses the meaning and relationship between culture tradition and cultural identity; through the analysis of two extreme black men, this paper shows the loss of cultural identity and its consequence due to the loss of cultural tradition; then from the experience of Milkman, it comes to the conclusion that maintaining the cultural essence of one’s nation is the key to surviving in a multicultural society; finally, this paper analyzes the value of Song of Solomon.
Key Words: Song of Solomon; Black culture tradition; Cultural choice; Cultural identity
1 Introduction 1
2 Cultural tradition and cultural identity 3
2.1 The meaning of cultural identity and its relationship with cultural tradition 3
2.2 African American cultural tradition revealed in Song of Solomon 4
2.2.1 The oral tradition 4
2.2.2 The name culture 5
2.2.3 The flying tradition 6
3 Different cultural choices in Song of Solomon 7
3.1 The recognition of the mainstream white culture 7
3.2 The exclusion of the white culture 8
3.3 The heritage of the African American culture 9
4 The quest for cultural identity 11
4.1 The finding of family name 11
4.2 The understanding of family and domestic values 12
4.3 The understanding of flying 12
5 Conclusion 14
On the Ethnic Cultural Identity and Cultural Tradition of African American–A case study of “Song of Solomon” by Toni Morrison
Toni Morrison, as a novelist, editor and playwright, is not only highly regarded in America, but also enjoys a world-wide fame. While some defenders of traditional literary canon exclude literary works written by female and colored people, Toni Morrison is a leading figure defending for the social minority group and she objects to letting race to be marginalizing in the course of literature (Smith, 2007). Toni Morrison represents a group of black female writers who not only uncover racial discrimination and oppression against African American in the American society as traditional black male writers do, but also disclose gender discrimination as well as the struggle and sacrifice of black female to fight for equal right from the perspective of black female. Her widely read fictions include The Bluest Eye, Sula, Song of Solomon and Beloved, all of which endeavor to explore the history, future and spiritual world of African American. Although her works are deeply rooted in the African American history, folklores and everyday reality, they are wildly accepted by the white readers because of her skillful and artful use of standard English and the traditional literary devices. Her works are not confined to the mere mimic of real world, but she thinks creatively in the real and imaginary world through the reconstruction of history.
Song of Solomon, her third novels, rewards her the National Book Critics’ Circle Award and the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters Award. Critics around the world think highly of it and analyze it from various aspects.