Ten Evil World And Then There Were None十毒恶世《无人生还》毕业论文
And Then There Were None, a detective fiction by Agatha Christie depicts that ten people, who have previously been complicit in the deaths of others but have escaped notice or punishment, are tricked into coming onto an island and are all mysteriously murdered one by one. The theory of conversational implicature was originally proposed by the American philosopher Grice. In addition to its key role in pragmatics, it also has important implications in communication. This paper reveals the dark side of human nature in this ten evil world from pragmatics perspective of speech act and conversational implicature. In detail, it systematically analyzes the dialogues in detective stories from the perspective of discourse stylistics; so not only the function of their dialogues but also their unique artistic charm can be revealed.
Key Words: conversational implicature; human nature; evil
1 Introduction 1
2 Literature Review 3
2.1 History of crime fiction 3
2.2 Previous studies on Agatha Christie and her works 3
3 Theoretical Backgrounds 6
3.1 Definition of conversational implicature 6
3.2 Characteristics of conversational implicature 7
4 Functions of dialogues in And Then There Were None 8
4.1 Using dialogues to reflect distrust 8
4.2 Using dialogues to reflect destruction of tradition 10
4.3 Ten people and “ten evil” 12
5 Conclusion 16
Ten Evil World And Then There Were None
Agatha Christie, one of Britain’s leading female detective novelists, playwrights, and one of the three major reasoning literature masters, was called Queen of Detective Novels. Agatha Christie pioneered the “village villa” school of detective fiction—the homicide occurred in a specifically closed environment and the murderer was someone who has a specific relationship with the victim. She has always motivated and analyzed human nature to present readers with a unique and bizarre, rich psychological world, thereby exposing the richness of people’s minds, displaying varied characters, and deeply revealing the complexity of human nature.
In Western critics, research and evaluation of detective stories is in the process of deepening. After 1995, there is an average of 1000 monographs or academic papers on the all-round research of detective stories. (黄薇，2011)However, in China, although the translation of Agatha’s works began earlier, the attention of the academic community to this literary form is rather monotonous. Most of them study the theme significance from the macroscopic level; analyze the methods of narrative and the view about adaptation of the film and television of her work.
Dialogues are an essential part of Agatha’s detective novels. Therefore, this paper analyzes Agatha’s linguistic features from the conversational implicature theory, and presents clever plot concepts and unique narrative techniques to give readers a deeper understanding of Agatha’s language charm; at the same time, it can be seen that in the dialogues of the characters, the author uses the pragmatic strategies of deliberately violating the principles of cooperation, quantity, quality, relations and manner to deepen the subjects of the novel, to shape the characters’ image, and to promote the development of the plot.