创伤批评视域下爱丽丝•沃克作品之女性主义观照A Trauma study of the Womanism in Alice Walker ‘s Works毕业论文
Alice Walker lives in the times when the two movements – the Civil Rights Movement and the Women’s Liberation Movement are booming. Under the influence of these two movements, many black female writers broke their silence and published works by revealing their own traumatic experiences as black women. So did Alice walker. She is an outstanding black woman writer of modern American literature. She coined the famous notion of womanism and developed the theory in her works in detail. She believes that the skin color of human beings is just the same as that of flowers. A multifarious natural environment indicates compatibility and sustainability of all species. Likewise, a harmonious world also consists of people of different races living in a balanced manner. Walker has developed and expunded the womanist theory in her own writing, especially in her early works. She has always devoted herself to depicting the living conditions of black women with graphic and vivid scenes of black women being maltreated. Hence, she used her works to expose the devastating effects of racism and sexism, psychologically and physically. Furthermore, she reveals the trauma and the entailed identity crisis caused by racism and sexism.
In conventional black and feminist literature, blacks and whites, men and women often appear as opposites, manifesting a contradiction with one side suppressing the other, or one party submitting to the other. This contradiction embodies the confrontation between the marginal and the center, the weak and the powerful. Nevertheless, this confrontation seems difficult to reconcile. However, Walker advocates that, different from traditional feminist movements, womanism does not mean recklessly resistance or rejection, nor does it imply an attempt to break the balance of the existing power in order to seek conversions between marginal and mainstream roles. On the contrary, she is more enthusiastic to seek a force that is conducive to achieving a new balance and realizing a truly harmonious symbiosis among different races and different genders. The idea of Womanism in that sense is precisely what Alice Walker manages to convey in her writings.
Key Words: Alice Walker; trauma; identity; womanism
1 Introduction 1
1.1 Literature Review 1
1.1.1 A review of studies abroad 1
1.1.2 A review of domestic studies 2
1.2 Alice Walker as A Womanist 3