《阿拉比》中保罗的心理变化解析 Analyzing Paul’s psychological changes in Araby毕业论文
As an Irish writer and poet, James Joyce is one of the greatest writers in the twentieth century, and one of the founders of modernism. The thoughts of “stream of consciousness” in his work have great influence on the literary world. His main works include the short story collection Dubliners, describing the daily life of the lower citizens, showing the destruction of the social environment to the ideals and hopes of the people.
This paper studies the famous short novel “Araby”, mainly analyzing the psychological changes of the protagonist, Paul, in the period of growing up. “Araby”, the third work of short story collections “Dubliners“, is one of James Joyce’s early realistic novels, which fully reveals Joyce’s talent in “the stream of consciousness”. At the end of “Araby”, the application of the “epiphany” is a significant example in the history of literature.
This paper is divided into five chapters. The first chapter mainly introduces James Joyce and his works “Araby”. The second chapter analyses the blind love of the protagonist Paul to Mangan’s sister. The third chapter illustrates the long and bitter admiration of the protagonist Paul. The fourth chapter explains the boy’s final “epiphany” and its importance. The fifth chapter summarizes the whole paper, pointing out the limitations of the paper, and looking forward to the possibility of further study.
Key Words: Araby；James Joyce; Epiphany; Psychological changes
1 Introduction 1
1.1 James Joyce and “Araby” 1
1.2 Literature review 2
1.3 Structure of the paper 2
2 The Blind Love 4
2.1 The innocenct boy 4
2.2 The imagined lover 5
3 Desire in a Long Time 6
3.1 The origin of the desire 6
3.2 Analysis of the desire 7
4 Epiphany In the End 9
4.1 Anguish and anger 10
4.2 The analysis of epiphany 10
5. Conclusion 12
5.1 Summary 12
5.2 Limitations and further study 13
Analyzing the Psychological Changes of Paul in “Araby”
James Joyce and “Araby”
James Joyce was an Irish poet, short story writer, and novelist. He contributed to the modernist avant-garde and is regarded as one of the most influential and important authors of the 20th century. Joyce is best known for Ulysses (1922), a landmark work of stream of consciousness. Other well-known works are the short-story collection Dubliners (1914), and the novels A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916) and Finnegans Wake (1939). His other writings include three books of poetry, his published letters, a play and occasional journalism.
Dubliners is a collection of fifteen short stories first published in 1914 by Joyce. They form a naturalistic depiction of Irish middle class life in the early years of the 20th century in and around Dublin. The stories centre on Joyce’s idea of an epiphany: a moment when a character experiences a life-changing self-understanding or illumination. “Araby” is a short story by James Joyce published in Dubliners，which touches on a great deal of themes: coming of age, meeting of imagination with reality, the loss of innocence, the life of the mind versus poverty (both physical and intellectual), the consequences of idealization and the pain that often comes when one encounters love in reality instead of its elevated form. These themes build on one another entirely through the thoughts of the young boy, who is portrayed by the first-person narrator.