没有绝对的正义--浅析意识流写法在《无人生还》中的运用 No Absolute Justice--Analysis of the use of streams of consciousness in Then There Were None毕业论文_英语毕业论文

没有绝对的正义–浅析意识流写法在《无人生还》中的运用 No Absolute Justice–Analysis of the use of streams of consciousness in Then There Were None毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

《无人生还》是英国推理小说作家阿加莎·克里斯蒂创作的长篇小说,出版于1939年。这部小说被誉为其最优秀的作品之一,在侦探小说的发展史上占据着重要的地位。阿加莎·克里斯蒂是英国女侦探小说家、剧作家,三大推理文学宗师之一。她的每部侦探小说都是心理学在文学上的巧妙运用,语言风格也颇具现代主义意蕴。目前国内外研究这本书的主要关注点集中在前景化视角研究和主体多义性的实现上。本文从意识流运用的角度切入,从推动人物发展,描摹人物内心,丰满人物形象等方面进行具体论证。研究发现,本书全篇大量运用了意识流写作技巧,不仅提升了故事的吸引力,更发展出了两个全新的侦探小说模式,对于后世同类型文学起到了深远的影响,并证明了侦探小说也具有较高的文学价值。

关键词:意识流;侦探小说;《无人生还》; 正义; 内心独白

Abstract

And Then There Were None is a novel written by the English mystery writer Agatha Christie, which is published in 1939. And Then There Were None is regarded as one of the best works of detective novels, and plays an important role in the development history of this genre. Agatha Christie is a British female detective novelist and playwright, and one of the three masters of reasoning literature. Each of Christie’s detective novel is a successful attempt of psychological description in literature, and her language style is also quite modern. At present, the main focus of researches on this book at home and abroad is on the foregrounding and the realization of ambiguous themes. This paper focuses on analyzing stream-of-consciousness writing in And Then There Were None, carrying out concrete argumentation from the perspectives of promoting the plot, depicting the inner world of the characters and fulling the characters. The paper found that the whole text devoted a lot on stream-of-consciousness writing skill which not only enhanced the attraction of the story, but also developed two new models of detective novel, “The snowstorm villa model” and the “Nursery rhyme killing model”. Moreover, And Then There Were None and its stream-of-consciousness writing had a profound impact on the later detective novels and proved that detective novels could have a high literary value as well.

Key Words: Stream of Consciousness; Criminal novel; And Then There Were None; Justice; Monologue

Contents

1 Introduction 1

2 Literature Review 3

2.1 Agatha Christie and Her Detective Novels 3

2.2 The Novel And Then There Were None 4

2.3 Foreign and Domestic Study on Stream of Consciousness 4

3 Writing Techniques of Stream of Consciousness in And Then There Were None 6

3.1 Promotion of Plots 6

3.1.1 Set the Nursery Rhyme as a Clue 6

3.1.2 Set the Chance of Committing a Crime as a Clue 7

3.1.3 Set the Motivation of Reasoning as a Clue 7

3.2 Description of Psychological Changes 8

3.2.1 Lawrence Worgrave – An Absurd Psychological Portrayal 8

3.2.2 Vera Claythorne’s Fear 9

3.2.3 Protagonist’s Confusing Monologue 10

3.3 Creation of Typical Character Images 10

3.3.1 Complexity of Characters 10

3.3.2 Conversion of Person narratives 12

4 Evaluation and Significance of Stream-of-Consciousness writing in And Then There Were None 13

4.1Attractive Plots 13

4.2 Striking Characters 15

4.3 Significant Impact 17

5 Conclusions 19

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