威尼斯之死：永恒之光Death in Venice Light Everlasting毕业论文
People live in the era of attention economy. What attracts people’s attention now is not only the beautiful things of traditional definition, but also more likely the ugliness and curiosity which have value of appreciation. The standards for people’s judgments have swiftly changed, leading to a decline in people’s aesthetic level. This paper analyzes the details of the teenager in Death in Venice from the aesthetic point of view, clarifies the value of the true meaning of beauty, hopes to awaken people’s longings for beauty, improve aesthetic standards of them, and help the public correctly understand beauty. This paper is divided into three parts: the first part, combined with the theory of cosmic aesthetics, explores the origin of beauty; the second part, through the understanding of different cognitive attitudes of people in different periods, studies the process of the change of beauty in people’ minds; The third part analyzes the details of the text in the Death of Venice to clarify the existence and value of the young Tadzio as the image of beauty. Through the text of the Death in Venice, combined with the previous theoretical analysis, express people’s inner pursuit of beauty.
Key words: Death in Venice , beauty，Tadzio
1 Introduction 1
2 Beauty in universe 3
3 Beauty in human society 4
3.1 Beauty—embodiment of divinity 5
3.2 Beauty—acceleration of sense activities 5
3.3 Beauty—God’s measure to prevent indifference 6
4 Everlasting light 8
4.1 Appearance of light 8
4.2 Source of light 11
5 Conclusion 14
Death in Venice: Light Everlasting
Aesthetics, a branch of philosophy, is based on the study of the nature and meaning of beauty. Western aesthetics flourished during the Greek-Roman period and was originally part of the philosophy of nature. As early as the third century BC, the Stoic faction had already noticed the beauty of nature (Gilbertamp;Kuhn, 1989, 4). At that time, the focus of aesthetics was on nature. In ancient Greece, Socrates turned his attention from the natural world to the society, and thus, aesthetics became an important part of social sciences. In the Middle Ages, Western aesthetic thoughts were stagnant due to the constraints of religious theology. Therefore, during the Renaissance, with the liberation of the spirit, the advancement of aesthetics ushered in a major outbreak. Then in the 16th and 18th century, with the changes and progress of society, aesthetics has been further developed in the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy and other countries. Although the complete theoretical system of aesthetics was introduced to China in modern times, the origin of Chinese aesthetics is not later than that of the West. In the pre-Qin period, due to the emergence of “Contention of a hundred schools of thought”, China’s classical aesthetic theory began to sprout, and it was reflected in the works of Confucius and Zhuangzi. Social and economic changes have taken place in the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties. People’s theoretical thoughts are very active. The trend of ideological emancipation that emerged during this period has impacted dogmatism aesthetics and retro-style aesthetics. Western aesthetics was introduced to China in the late Qing Dynasty. At the same time, China’s classical aesthetics was also summarized and systematically organized. Under the efforts of Cai Yuanpei and Zhu Guangqian and other aesthetics, the aesthetics rooted in China is developing in a broader direction. .
Death in Venice is a famous work by Thomas Mann. The work spreads the ancient Greek Aeschy-style classical tragedy spirit, describing the passion of a writer who broke out after meeting the young boy in Venice; his rationality, dignity and knowledge is defeated in the pursuit of beauty. After the advent of the novel, many writers have analyzed this novel more or less, like in Two Texts, Three Artists and a Theme—from the Novel Death in Venice and the Movie（Liu, 2009）. In the modern dilemma of creation, the author combines the novel to analyze the real dilemma of Thomas Man himself. In Typical and Mythical—Thomas Mann’s Death in Venice（Li，2006）, the author affirmed the literary status of Thomas Mann’s work. Some articles are also from the aesthetic point of view of Death in Venice, such as the Death of Narrative Aesthetics and Gender Identity Dilemma and Death in Venice: the Entanglement Between Beauty and Reason（Dai，2015）. This paper analyzes the influence of Tadzio’s image on the protagonist’s forgetful life and death in the novel from the aesthetic point of juvenile imagery.