正义与邪恶:从纳尼亚传奇到哈利波特—西方魔幻小说主题研究Justice and Evil from Chronicles of Narnia to Harry Potter- A Thematic Study on Western Fantasy Novels毕业论文_英语毕业论文

正义与邪恶:从纳尼亚传奇到哈利波特—西方魔幻小说主题研究Justice and Evil from Chronicles of Narnia to Harry Potter- A Thematic Study on Western Fantasy Novels毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

《纳尼亚传奇》系列和《哈利波特》系列是现代以来最受欢迎的两部奇幻文学。本文以两部系列中的正义与邪恶主题为研究对象,对《纳尼亚传奇》和《哈利波特》作者描写正邪对抗的表现手法的变化进行分析。本文分为六部分。导论和文献综述后分为三章,分别比较分析两个系列作品中全知力量的介入和退出,正邪两阵营的绝对对立和模糊界限,以及理想的表现手法和贴近现实的叙述手法。最后得出结论:在不同的历史背景和时代要求下,奇幻文学关于正邪之战的表现手法产生了多方面变化,与《纳尼亚传奇》相比,《哈利波特》更符合现代读者的价值观。

关键词:纳尼亚传奇;哈利波特;正义与邪恶;主题研究

Abstract

Chronicles of Narnia series and Harry Potter series are two of most popular fantasy works in modern times. This paper takes the theme of justice and evil of two series as the research subject, and analyzes the changes in the description of the battles between justice and evil from Narnia to Harry Potter. This paper is composed of six chapters. Introduction and literature review are followed by three chapters, which respectively deal with the analysis of all-knowing power’s intervention and withdrawal, absolute opposition or fuzzy boundaries between justice and evil alignments, and idealized form and realistic form of description. At last, the paper comes to the conclusion that, in different historical contexts, the description of the battles between justice and evil has changed in many aspects. Compared with The Chronicles of Narnia, Harry Potter view is more in line with modern readers.

Key Words: Narnia; Harry Potter; justice and evil; thematic study

Content

1 Introduction 6

2 Literature Review 8

3 All-Knowing Power’s Intervention and Withdrawal 10

3.1 All-knowing power’s intervention in Narnia 10

3.2 All-knowing power’s withdrawal in Harry Potter 11

4 Absolute Opposition or Fuzzy Boundaries between Justice and Evil Alignments 15

4.1 Absolute justice alignment and evil alignment in Narnia 15

4.2 Fuzzy boundaries between justice and evil alignments in Harry Potter 16

5 Idealized Form and Realistic Form of Description 19

5.1 Idealized description in Narnia 19

5.2 Realistic description in Harry Potter 20

6 Conclusion 22

References 23

Acknowledgments 24

Justice and Evil: From Chronicles of Narnia to Harry Potter– A Thematic Study on Western Fantasy Novels

1 Introduction

Chronicles of Narnia is a series of fantasies written by C.S.Lewis. It includes The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe(1950), Prince Caspian: the Return to Narnia(1951), The Voyage of the Dawn Treader(1952), The Silver Chair(1953), The Horse and His Boy(1954), The Magician’s Nephew(1955) and The Last Battle(1956). Narnia’s books are individual in plots. This series is famous for imaginative plots, Christian meaning and modern view.

Lewis’ identity decides his works’ preciseness and innocence. As a theologian, the theological thought helps him create a character, Aslan, who has an important part in the fight of justice an evil. And in Narnia kingdom, justice and evil are incompatible like water and fire. The original reason for Narnia’s making is that there were little interesting fantasy books for children during World War Two. The tough environment made children long for entertaining and positive stories more strongly. Narnia series came into being during this moment. The religion element is an outstanding feature of Narnia.

Harry Potter is a series of fantasies and adventurous novels written by J.K. Rowling, a famous American writer. This series includes 7 books: Harry Potter and Sorcerer’s Stone(1997), The Chamber of Secrets(1998), The Prisoner of Azkaban(1999), The Goblet of Fire(2000), The Order of the Phoenix(2003), The Half-Blood Prince(2005) and The Deathly Hallows(2007). The background is set in Hogwarts magic school. The stories unfold by describing Harry’s school life and adventures in Hogwarts with his friends Hermione and Ron.

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