正义与邪恶：从纳尼亚传奇到哈利波特—西方魔幻小说主题研究Justice and Evil from Chronicles of Narnia to Harry Potter- A Thematic Study on Western Fantasy Novels毕业论文
Chronicles of Narnia series and Harry Potter series are two of most popular fantasy works in modern times. This paper takes the theme of justice and evil of two series as the research subject, and analyzes the changes in the description of the battles between justice and evil from Narnia to Harry Potter. This paper is composed of six chapters. Introduction and literature review are followed by three chapters, which respectively deal with the analysis of all-knowing power’s intervention and withdrawal, absolute opposition or fuzzy boundaries between justice and evil alignments, and idealized form and realistic form of description. At last, the paper comes to the conclusion that, in different historical contexts, the description of the battles between justice and evil has changed in many aspects. Compared with The Chronicles of Narnia, Harry Potter view is more in line with modern readers.
Key Words: Narnia; Harry Potter; justice and evil; thematic study
1 Introduction 6
2 Literature Review 8
3 All-Knowing Power’s Intervention and Withdrawal 10
3.1 All-knowing power’s intervention in Narnia 10
3.2 All-knowing power’s withdrawal in Harry Potter 11
4 Absolute Opposition or Fuzzy Boundaries between Justice and Evil Alignments 15
4.1 Absolute justice alignment and evil alignment in Narnia 15
4.2 Fuzzy boundaries between justice and evil alignments in Harry Potter 16
5 Idealized Form and Realistic Form of Description 19
5.1 Idealized description in Narnia 19
5.2 Realistic description in Harry Potter 20
6 Conclusion 22
Justice and Evil: From Chronicles of Narnia to Harry Potter– A Thematic Study on Western Fantasy Novels
Chronicles of Narnia is a series of fantasies written by C.S.Lewis. It includes The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe(1950), Prince Caspian: the Return to Narnia(1951), The Voyage of the Dawn Treader(1952), The Silver Chair(1953), The Horse and His Boy(1954), The Magician’s Nephew(1955) and The Last Battle(1956). Narnia’s books are individual in plots. This series is famous for imaginative plots, Christian meaning and modern view.
Lewis’ identity decides his works’ preciseness and innocence. As a theologian, the theological thought helps him create a character, Aslan, who has an important part in the fight of justice an evil. And in Narnia kingdom, justice and evil are incompatible like water and fire. The original reason for Narnia’s making is that there were little interesting fantasy books for children during World War Two. The tough environment made children long for entertaining and positive stories more strongly. Narnia series came into being during this moment. The religion element is an outstanding feature of Narnia.
Harry Potter is a series of fantasies and adventurous novels written by J.K. Rowling, a famous American writer. This series includes 7 books: Harry Potter and Sorcerer’s Stone(1997), The Chamber of Secrets(1998), The Prisoner of Azkaban(1999), The Goblet of Fire(2000), The Order of the Phoenix(2003), The Half-Blood Prince(2005) and The Deathly Hallows(2007). The background is set in Hogwarts magic school. The stories unfold by describing Harry’s school life and adventures in Hogwarts with his friends Hermione and Ron.