浅析小说《木马赢家》中的家庭教育Analysis of the Family Education in the Novel The Rocking-Horse Winner毕业论文_英语毕业论文

浅析小说《木马赢家》中的家庭教育Analysis of the Family Education in the Novel The Rocking-Horse Winner毕业论文

2021-04-02更新

摘 要

《木马赢家》是英国作家戴赫劳伦斯创作的短篇小说。小说中,小男孩保罗为了讨得母亲欢心,骑着他的木马开始寻找“运气”。他借助赌马赢得了很多钱,但母亲对金钱的贪欲反而愈演愈烈。结果,保罗不惜以生命为赌注换取金钱,为此付出了沉重的代价。

本文在前人的研究基础上,讨论家庭教育及家长角色的重要性,进而分析小说中家庭成员对主人公保罗的影响,以及最终造成保罗的价值观扭曲,失去生命的原因。通过对小说中三位家长和整个家庭环境的研究分析,探讨小说中家庭教育失败的原因,得出反思和启发,进而阐述良好的家庭教育和家庭成员关系对儿童的健康成长的重要性。

关键词:戴赫·劳伦斯;木马赢家;家庭教育;家庭关系

Abstract

The Rocking-Horse Winner is a short story created by British writer D. H. Lawrence. In the novel, in order to please his mother, the protagonist Paul tried at all costs to win a lot of money through riding a rocking horse with “luck”. However, the more he won, the greedier his mother grew. As a result, Paul did not hesitate to sacrifice his life for money, which paid a heavy price.

Based on previous studies, this paper discusses the importance of family education and the role of family members, further analyzing the influence of family members on the protagonist Paul in the novel, which ultimately makes a great contribution to Paul’s distorted values and death. Through the analysis of the three family members and the whole family environment in the novel, this paper explores the reasons for the failure of family education in the novel, drawing reflection and illumination, as well as elaborating the importance of family education and the family membership on the healthy growth of children.

Key Words: D. H. Lawrence; The Rocking-Horse Winner; family education; family membership

Contents

1 Introduction 1

1.1 D. H. Lawrence and his works 1

1.2 Literature Review 2

1.3 Structure of the paper 3

2 Study of Family Education 5

2.1 Definition of Family Education 5

2.2 The significance role parents play in family education 6

3 Analysis of failed family education in the novel 8

3.1 Incompetent Mother 8

3.2 Absent Father 10

3.3 Accessary Uncle 11

3.4 Distorted Values 12

4 Reflection and Illumination 14

4.1 Importance of Family Education 14

4.2 Creating a Good Family Relationship 15

5 Conclusion 17

References 18

Acknowledgements 19

Analysis of the Family Education in the Novel The Rocking-Horse Winner

Introduction

1.1 D. H. Lawrence and his works

David Herbert Lawrence was an English writer, critic, poet and painter in the 20th century. Born in a miner’s family, Lawrence had a ton of work experience as a butcher accountant, a manufacturer employee, and a primary school teacher. Having been wandering at home and abroad for more than a decade, Lawrence held a critical attitude towards reality. He had created numerous works during his life including ten novels, eleven short story collections, four plays, ten poem collections, four essay collections, five theoretical books, three travel notes, and a large number of letters. The theme of Lawrence’s creations is the relationship between man and society, man and nature, man and man, man and woman, but the major emphasis lies in the relationship between man and woman.

The Rocking-Horse Winner is one of Lawrence’s most famous short stories. We can not fully understand Lawrence without reading The Rocking-Horse Winner (Lu, 2003). It was created in his later years and was first published in 1933 after his death. It mainly told a story that the main character Paul, in order to meet the strong vanity of his mother and lighten the burden on her, he devoted almost all his energy to betting on the horses. By madly controlling the rocking horse, he was fortunate enough to predict the name of the winner horse. But after the prediction of the last crucial horse race, unfortunately, he fell off the rocking-horse, and died before long. In this story, the pursuit of money distorts the most precious family affection in the world, resulting in such a consequence that the son tried to get maternal love by money. The mother is therefore no longer the source of love, but the root of the tragedy of the son.

1.2 Literature Review

Lawrence was one of the most creative and controversial writers in English literature and he was one of the most innovative and representative writers of realism literature in the 20th century. However, Lawrence is not completely accepted by everyone, only a few novelists and critics give him a applicable evaluation. Unexpectedly, in less than 30 years after his death, his evaluation has undergone earth-shaking changes. The position and significance of his works in the history of literature have become the norm for future generations.

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